1 Enoch 21:5


1 And I proceeded to where things were chaotic. 2 And I saw there something horrible: I saw neither a heaven above nor a firmly founded earth, but a place chaotic and horrible. 3 And there I saw seven stars of heaven bound together in it, like great mountains and burning with fire. 4 Then I said: 'For what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been cast in here?' 5 Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels who was with me and was chief over them, and said: 'Enoch, why do you ask, and why are you eager for the truth? 6 These are of the number of the stars of heaven, which have transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and are bound here until ten thousand years, the time entailed by their sins, are consummated.'

Jude 1:13

New Testament

9 But even when Michael the archangel was arguing with the devil and debating with him concerning Moses’ body, he did not dare to bring a slanderous judgment, but said, “May the Lord rebuke you!” 10 But these men do not understand the things they slander, and they are being destroyed by the very things that, like irrational animals, they instinctively comprehend. 11 Woe to them! For they have traveled down Cain’s path, and because of greed have abandoned themselves to Balaam’s error; hence, they will certainly perish in Korah’s rebellion. 12 These men are dangerous reefs at your love feasts, feasting without reverence, feeding only themselves. They are waterless clouds, carried along by the winds; autumn trees without fruit—twice dead, uprooted; 13 wild sea waves, spewing out the foam of their shame; wayward stars for whom the utter depths of eternal darkness have been reserved.

 Notes and References

"... Black connects the stars of 1 Enoch 18:13–16 and 21:3–6 to the seven recognized planets in antiquity, which have an irregular course in the heavens compared to the ‘fixed stars.’ These, he maintains, are the ‘wandering stars’ (êsterew plan∞tai) of Jude 13. Yet, as Matthias Albani points out, the rising of the planets changes continually in their movements amid the fixed stars, so that one could not expect a fixed time for their rising in the course of a year’s orbit. Albani asks, instead, whether the stars of 1 Enoch 18:13–16 and 21:3–6 could refer to the Pleiades, a cluster of seven stars which played an important role in the ancient calendar. Albani notes that the stars in 1 Enoch 18:15 are chastised for not coming out at the proper time, in the beginning of their rising. The ‘beginning of their rising’ recalls the heliacal rising of the Pleiades, the first constellation to appear in the eastern morning sky shortly before the sun’s ascent. The rising of the Pleiades was noteworthy in antiquity as it conveyed information about weather, the phases of the stars and the agricultural calendar ..."

Bautch, Kelley Coblentz A Study of the Geography of 1 Enoch 17-19: “No One Has Seen What I Have Seen.” (pp. 147-148) Brill, 2003

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