1 Enoch 2:1


1 Observe ye everything that takes place in the heaven, how they do not change their orbits, ⌈and⌉ the luminaries which are in the heaven, how they all rise and set in order each in its season, and transgress not against their appointed order. 2 Behold ye the earth, and give heed to the things which take place upon it from first to last, ⌈how steadfast they are⌉, how ⌈none of the things upon earth⌉ change, ⌈but⌉ all the works of God appear ⌈to you⌉. 3 Behold the summer and the winter, ⌈⌈how the whole earth is filled with water, and clouds and dew and rain lie upon it⌉⌉.

Jude 1:12

New Testament

8 Yet these men, as a result of their dreams, defile the flesh, reject authority, and insult the glorious ones. 9 But even when Michael the archangel was arguing with the devil and debating with him concerning Moses’ body, he did not dare to bring a slanderous judgment, but said, “May the Lord rebuke you!” 10 But these men do not understand the things they slander, and they are being destroyed by the very things that, like irrational animals, they instinctively comprehend. 11 Woe to them! For they have traveled down Cain’s path, and because of greed have abandoned themselves to Balaam’s error; hence, they will certainly perish in Korah’s rebellion. 12 These men are dangerous reefs at your love feasts, feasting without reverence, feeding only themselves. They are waterless clouds, carried along by the winds; autumn trees without fruit—twice dead, uprooted; 13 wild sea waves, spewing out the foam of their shame; wayward stars for whom the utter depths of eternal darkness have been reserved.

 Notes and References

"... The influence of 1 Enoch on Jude can be briefly summarized: 1) Jude cites 1 En 1:9 to demonstrate that it had been prophesied that “the Lord” (here understood as Christ) would come to judge the ungodly. The quotation is introduced as a prophecy in precisely the language Matthew uses to cite Isaiah (Mt 15:7). This is, in fact, the only formal citation in the Letter of Jude. Furthermore, Enoch is identified in no casual way, as though Jude were merely citing a convenient passage; rather, Enoch is designated as “the seventh from Adam,” and thus given a special place as an antediluvian figure who spoke at a symbolic point in the created order, a man who lived before the flood, amidst the immoral generation that, for Jude, corresponds to his own. 2) Jude 6 makes reference to the fall of the angels as a paradigmatic sin. Such a reference need not depend directly on 1 Enoch, for Gen 6:1–4 was itself widely interpreted as referring to the Fall of the Watchers (see below); but 1 En 6–16 was the earliest and most influential version of this mythic event, and Jude’s description evinces enough terminological similarities to 1 Enoch that we may safely presume that this was his source. 3) In Jude 12–13 the opponents are depicted as “waterless clouds, fruitless trees, wild waves, wandering stars”—images apparently drawn from 1 En 2:1–5:4 and 1 En 80:2–8. Other allusions to Enochic language and motifs have been detected in Jude, but the current examples are sufficient to demonstrate that “1 Enoch 1–5 and related passages in the Enoch literature lie at the foundation of Jude’s exegetical work.” ..."

Hultin, Jeremy "Jude's Citation of 1 Enoch" in Charlesworth, James H. and Lee M. McDonald (eds.) Jewish and Christian Scriptures: The Function of “Canonical” and “Non-Canonical” Religious Texts (pp. 113-128) T&T Clark, 2010

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