1 Enoch 108:3


1 Another book which Enoch wrote for his son Methuselah and for those who will come after him, and keep the law in the last days. 2 You who have observed it will wait for these days until an end is made of those who do evil and the power of wrongdoers comes to an end. 3 You, however, wait until sin passes away; for their names will be erased from the book of life and from the books of the holy ones. And their seed will be destroyed forever. 4 And I saw there something like an invisible cloud; for by reason of its depth I could not look over, and I saw a flame of fire blazing brightly, and things like shining mountains circling and sweeping to and fro.

1 Peter 1:23

New Testament

21 Through him you now trust in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God. 22 You have purified your souls by obeying the truth in order to show sincere mutual love. So love one another earnestly from a pure heart. 23 You have been born anew, not from perishable but from imperishable seed, through the living and enduring word of God. 24 For all flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of the grass; the grass withers and the flower falls off, 25 but the word of the Lord endures forever. And this is the word that was proclaimed to you.

 Notes and References

"... In the Preaching View, [each] respectively refer to (a) Noah’s contemporary unbelievers, (b) a place where those people are kept for the final judgment, (c) going from heaven to Noah and (d) repentance. In the Triumph View, on the other hand, they are (a) fallen angels in Noah’s days, (b) a place where those angels are kept for the final judgment, (c) going to the place and (d) Christ’s victory. Some commentators argue that “pneuma” in the New Testament absolutely refers to angels, especially if there are no modifying elements. In addition, since the exegesis of 1 Peter cannot stand now without consulting 1 Enoch, the Triumph View seems to prevail. Witherington summarizes, “For our purposes here we note that it is ... part of 1 Enoch, which includes 1 Enoch 6–11; 64–69; 106–108 that is almost exclusively being drawn on in 1 Peter.” As to “fulakhv,” the Triumph View presents clear ideas. Quoting from 1 Enoch 17-18, France says that the place of the fallen angels is in “the furthest west, where heaven and earth join ..."

Yoshihara, Hirokatsu A Study of 1 Peter 3:18b-20a and 4:6: A Response to the Notion of Christ’s Postmortem Evangelism to the Un-Evangelized, a View Recently Advocated in Japan (pp. 183-197) Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2017

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