1 Enoch 1:9

Pseudepigrapha

6 And the high mountains shall be shaken, And the high hills shall be made low, And shall melt like wax before the flame 7 And the earth shall be ⌈wholly⌉ rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men). 8 But with the righteous He will make peace. And will protect the elect, And mercy shall be upon them. And they shall all belong to God, And they shall be prospered, And they shall ⌈all⌉ be blessed. ⌈And He will help them all⌉, And light shall appear unto them, ⌈And He will make peace with them⌉. 9 And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of ⌈His⌉ holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy ⌈all⌉ the ungodly: And to convict all flesh Of all the works ⌈of their ungodliness⌉ which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners ⌈have spoken⌉ against Him. Source

Date: 200-50 B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Jude 1:14

New Testament

14 Now Enoch, the seventh in descent beginning with Adam, even prophesied of them, saying, “Look! The Lord is coming with thousands and thousands of his holy ones, 15 to execute judgment on all, and to convict every person of all their thoroughly ungodly deeds that they have committed, and of all the harsh words that ungodly sinners have spoken against him.” 16 These people are grumblers and fault-finders who go wherever their desires lead them, and they give bombastic speeches, enchanting folks for their own gain. 17 But you, dear friends—recall the predictions foretold by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ. 18 For they said to you, “At the end of time there will come scoffers, propelled by their own ungodly desires.” 19 These people are divisive, worldly, devoid of the Spirit. Source

Date: 90-100 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... in the quotation of 1 Enoch in Jude, the text is altered to clarify that it refers to Jesus and that the prophecy is to be seen as fulfilled ... These comparisons are enlightening and impressive. First, the indefinite 'he' in the Ethiopic, which referred back to God and his future coming, is paralleled by kurios in the Greek. The alteration is clearly by the Christian Jews; as most interpolations and alterations by Christians of early Jewish writings, the alteration is caused by Christology."

Charlesworth, James H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha & the New Testament (p. 73) Trinity Press International, 1998

Charles, R. H. The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament (p. 182) Oxford University Press, 1913

Carson, D. A. Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (p. 1078) Baker Academic, 2007

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... in the quotation of 1 Enoch in Jude, the text is altered to clarify that it refers to Jesus and that the prophecy is to be seen as fulfilled ... These comparisons are enlightening and impressive. First, the indefinite 'he' in the Ethiopic, which referred back to God and his future coming, is paralleled by kurios in the Greek. The alteration is clearly by the Christian Jews; as most interpolations and alterations by Christians of early Jewish writings, the alteration is caused by Christology."

Charlesworth, James H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha & the New Testament (p. 73) Trinity Press International, 1998

Charles, R. H. The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament (p. 182) Oxford University Press, 1913

Carson, D. A. Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (p. 1078) Baker Academic, 2007

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.