New Testament

1 Corinthians 11:10

2 I praise you because you remember me in everything and maintain the traditions just as I passed them on to you. 3 But I want you to know that Christ is the head of every man, and the man is the head of a woman, and God is the head of Christ. 4 Any man who prays or prophesies with his head covered disgraces his head. 5 But any woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered disgraces her head, for it is one and the same thing as having a shaved head. 6 For if a woman will not cover her head, she should cut off her hair. But if it is disgraceful for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, she should cover her head. 7 For a man should not have his head covered, since he is the image and glory of God. But the woman is the glory of the man. 8 For man did not come from woman, but woman from man. 9 Neither was man created for the sake of woman, but woman for man. 10 For this reason a woman should have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the angels. 11 In any case, in the Lord woman is not independent of man, nor is man independent of woman. 12 For just as woman came from man, so man comes through woman. But all things come from God.

Date: 55-57 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates

Genesis Rabbah 8:8

Aggadah

... “if a great person . . . says, ‘Why do I need to take permission from one lesser than me?’ . . . they say to him: Learn from your Creator, for He created upper ones and lower ones, and when He came to create the human, He ruled with the ministering angels.... [R’ Simlai] said to them: In the past Adam was created from the adamah and Chavah was created from the adam. From here and onward, “in our image as our likeness”—not man without woman and not woman without man, and not both of them without Shekhinah (God’s presence). Rabbi Hoshaya said: When the Holy One of Blessing created the first ADAM, the Ministering Angels erred and wanted to say the kedusha before him. A parable: A king and his governor were in a chariot and the people of the realm wanted to say "Domine" to the king, but didn't know which [was the king]. So what did the king do? He shoved [the governor] and ejected him from the chariot and everyone knew [that one] was the governor. So too, when the Holy One of Blessing created the first ADAM, the Ministering Angels erred and wanted to say the kedusha before him. What did the Holy One of Blessing do? He caused slumber to fall upon him so everyone knew [that one] was the ADAM, as it is written: "Withdraw from the ADAM who has breath in his nostrils, for how little is he to be esteemed" (Isaiah 2:22)

Date: 500 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates