Date: 160 B.C.E. - 100 B.C.E.

Surviving in three fragmentary manuscripts from Cave 4, ‘The Words of the Luminaries’ are collective prayers for the days of the week which are full of biblical reminiscences. In the best- preserved of them (4Q504), the Sabbath and the fourth day are expressly mentioned in the surviving text. Scholars date the manuscripts to the mid-second century BCE.