Zephaniah 3:4

Hebrew Bible

2 She is disobedient; she has refused correction. She does not trust the Lord; she has not sought the advice of her God. 3 Her princes are as fierce as roaring lions; her rulers are as hungry as wolves in the desert, who completely devour their prey by morning. 4 Her prophets are proud; they are deceitful men. Her priests have defiled what is holy; they have broken God’s laws. 5 The just Lord resides within her; he commits no unjust acts. Every morning he reveals his justice. At dawn he appears without fail. Yet the unjust know no shame. 6 “I destroyed nations; their walled cities are in ruins. I turned their streets into ruins; no one passes through them. Their cities are desolate; no one lives there.

Ezekiel 22:26

Hebrew Bible

24 “Son of man, say to her: ‘You are a land that receives no rain or showers in the day of my anger.’ 25 Her princes within her are like a roaring lion tearing its prey; they have devoured lives. They take away riches and valuable things; they have made many women widows within it. 26 Her priests abuse my law and have desecrated my holy things. They do not distinguish between the holy and the profane or recognize any distinction between the unclean and the clean. They ignore my Sabbaths, and I am profaned in their midst. 27 Her officials are like wolves in her midst rending their prey—shedding blood and destroying lives—so they can get dishonest profit. 28 Her prophets coat their messages with whitewash. They see false visions and announce lying omens for them, saying, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says,’ when the Lord has not spoken.

 Notes and References

"... mantological exegesis is confined to exegesis of “material which is ominous or oracular in scope and content”. Mantological exegesis is divided into exegesis of visual and auditory phenomena. For the former, the exegesis is limited to the interpreter’s explanation of the visual material, such as is the case with Joseph’s dreams in Genesis 37:1-11. The traditio, or interpretation, occurs in the same text as the traditum and is not exegetically taken up again. The exegesis of auditory phenomena is similar to legal and haggadic exegesis in that later prophets will reinterpret the traditum when they think that it has for some reason or other failed or needs further explanation or expansion. Auditory mantalogical exegesis can be “non-transformative” exegesis, such as the “homiletical elaboration” of Zephaniah 3:3-4 by Ezekiel 22:25-28. It can also be “transformative”, as when a later text interprets a previous text with “additions, specifications, or adaptations”, such as the reappropriation of 2 Samuel 7:4-17 and 1 Chronicles 17:3-15 by the author of Psalm 89. As with haggadic exegesis, determining the relationship between texts requires that attention be paid to the repetition of linguistic and thematic elements and their reappropriation in a different context or to a different situation ..."

Meek, Russell L. Intertextuality, Inner-Biblical Exegesis, and Inner-Biblical Allusion: The Ethics of a Methodology (pp. 280-291) Biblica, Vol. 95, No. 2, 2014

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