Zechariah 3:10

Hebrew Bible

8 Listen now, Joshua the high priest, both you and your colleagues who are sitting before you, all of you are a symbol that I am about to introduce my servant, the Branch. 9 As for the stone I have set before Joshua—on the one stone there are seven eyes. I am about to engrave an inscription on it,’ says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, ‘to the effect that I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day. 10 In that day,’ says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, ‘everyone will invite his friend to fellowship under his vine and under his fig tree.’”

1 Maccabees 14:12


10 He supplied the towns with food, and furnished them with the means of defense, until his renown spread to the ends of the earth. 11 He established peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy. 12 All the people sat under their own vines and fig trees, and there was none to make them afraid. 13 No one was left in the land to fight them, and the kings were crushed in those days. 14 He gave help to all the humble among his people; he sought out the law, and did away with all the renegades and outlaws.

 Notes and References

"... Zechariah 3:10 contains the last canonical and (probably) the last chronological occurrence of the vine and fig tree phrase in the Old Testament. (It also occurs in 1 Maccabees 14:12) Zechariah 3 presents one of two prophetic “sign-act” passages in Zechariah, the other being 6:9–15. In the first half of chapter 3 (verses 1–5), Zechariah sees the divine council and witnesses YHWH rebuking “Satan” (ןטשה) in defense of Joshua, the high priest. Joshua then has his “filthy garments” replaced with “pure vestments” and a “clean turban.” YHWH assures Joshua that he has taken his iniquity away. In the second half (verses 6–10), Joshua is commanded to perform priestly functions, which will give him access to the divine council should he continue to obey. Joshua is then told that his colleagues are a sign for the coming of חמצ. Joshua is given an engraved stone with seven eyes and is promised that the iniquity of the land will be removed in a single day. Verse 10 concludes the passage: “In that day, declares YHWH of hosts, every one of you will invite his neighbor to come under his vine and under his fig tree.” ..."

Green, Peter A Vineyards and Wine from Creation to New Creation: A Thematic-Theological Analysis of an Old Testament Motif (pp. 271-272) Wheaton College, 2016

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.