Tobit 14:10


10 On whatever day you bury your mother beside me, do not stay overnight within the confines of the city. For I see that there is much wickedness within it, and that much deceit is practiced within it, while the people are without shame. See, my son, what Nadab did to Ahikar who had reared him. Was he not, while still alive, brought down into the earth? For God repaid him to his face for this shameful treatment. Ahikar came out into the light, but Nadab went into the eternal darkness, because he tried to kill Ahikar. Because he gave alms, Ahikar escaped the fatal trap that Nadab had set for him, but Nadab fell into it himself, and was destroyed. 11 So now, my children, see what almsgiving accomplishes, and what injustice does—it brings death! But now my breath fails me." Then they laid him on his bed, and he died; and he received an honorable funeral.

1 Enoch 63:6


4 We now understand that we should praise and bless the Lord of kings and Him who is king over all kings.' 5 They will say: 'If only we had the chance to praise and give thanks and confess our faith before His glory! 6 And now we long for a moment of rest but do not find it: we strive to achieve it but fail; and light has vanished from before us, and darkness is our dwelling place forever and ever. 7 For we did not believe before Him nor did we glorify the name of the Lord of Spirits, but our hope was in the scepter of our kingdom, and in our own glory. 8 And on the day of our suffering and tribulation, He does not save us, and we find no time to confess that our Lord is true in all His works, and in His judgments and His justice, and His judgments show no favoritism.

 Notes and References

"... The planets (“wanderers”) and other astral bodies that do not keep their proper place cannot be used reliably for navigation like the “fixed stars.” Jude allusively suggests that following the intruders’ example and teaching will similarly lead the congregation astray. Jude specifically connects these “wandering stars” with the story of the Watchers in 1 Enoch by speaking of their fate as being held in “the dark gloom of the netherworld ... forever” (Jude 13). In 1 Enoch, the rebellious angels are also spoken of as fallen stars (1 Enoch 18:14; 21:3, 6) that are bound and suffer fiery torments (1 Enoch 18:3-6; 21:3-6). The place of torment is frequently described as a place of darkness (see Psalm 88:12; Tobit 4:10; 14:10; Psalms of Solomon 14:9; 15:10; Matthew 8:12; 25:30; 1 Enoch 63:6) while at the same time being a place where transgressors are punished by burning ..."

DeSilva, David A. The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude: What Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha (p. 109) Oxford University Press, 2012

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