Sirach 43:17

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

13 By his command he sends the driving snow and speeds the lightnings of his judgment. 14 Therefore the storehouses are opened, and the clouds fly out like birds. 15 In his majesty he gives the clouds their strength, and the hailstones are broken in pieces. 17 The voice of his thunder rebukes the earth; when he appears, the mountains shake. At his will the south wind blows; so do the storm from the north and the whirlwind. He scatters the snow like birds flying down, and its descent is like locusts alighting. 18 The eye is dazzled by the beauty of its whiteness, and the mind is amazed as it falls.

1 Enoch 59:2


1 In those days mine eyes saw the secrets of the lightnings, and of the lights, and the judgements they execute (lit. 'their judgement'): and they lighten for a blessing or a curse as the Lord of Spirits willeth. 2 And there I saw the secrets of the thunder, and how when it resounds above in the heaven, the sound thereof is heard, and he caused me to see the judgements executed on the earth, whether they be for well-being and blessing, or for a curse according to the word of the Lord of Spirits. 3 And after that all the secrets of the lights and lightnings were shown to me, and they lighten for blessing and for satisfying.]

 Notes and References

"... This change in emphasis in verses 13–22 is perhaps most clearly seen in the shift from created work to God himself as the grammatical subject. Whereas the sun, moon, and rainbow were depicted as independent subjects acting in the world to fulfill their task, the weather elements are presented as God’s instruments, or at most intermediate subjects with God as the ultimate agent: God opens the storehouse, makes clouds fly, pours out frost, causes winds to blow, causes water to freeze, scorches the vegetation of the earth, and releases dew to refresh the scorched ground. (In addition, God’s rebuke, might, and command are used as grammatical subjects referring to God’s action: he marks the hailstones, directs the lightning, strengthens clouds, hews out hailstones, and stirs up various storms. Though the whiteness of the snow and the rain, which are described as blinding the eyes and astounding the mind) ... The characterization of these weather phenomena as instruments of divine judgment is immediately reinforced by the image of God loosening his storehouse in order to make clouds fly like predatory birds (compare Argall, 1 Enoch and Sirach) ..."

Schmidt, Andrew Jordan Wisdom, Cosmos, and Cultus in the Book of Sirach (pp. 182-184) De Gruyter, 2019

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