Psalm 78:40

Hebrew Bible

38 Yet he is compassionate. He forgives sin and does not destroy. He often holds back his anger and does not stir up his fury. 39 He remembered that they were made of flesh and were like a wind that blows past and does not return. 40 How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness and insulted him in the wastelands. 41 They again challenged God and offended the Holy One of Israel. 42 They did not remember what he had done, how he delivered them from the enemy,

Isaiah 63:10

Hebrew Bible

8 He said, “Certainly they will be my people, children who are not disloyal.” He became their deliverer. 9 Through all that they suffered, he suffered too. The messenger sent from his very presence delivered them. In his love and mercy he protected them; he lifted them up and carried them throughout ancient times. 10 But they rebelled and offended his Holy Spirit, so he turned into an enemy and fought against them. 11 His people remembered the ancient times. Where is the one who brought them up out of the sea, along with the shepherd of his flock? Where is the one who placed his Holy Spirit among them, 12 the one who made his majestic power available to Moses, who divided the water before them, gaining for himself a lasting reputation,

 Notes and References

"... Confessional expression first occurs in Isaiah 63:7–14, a section about God’s saving deeds in the history of Israel. The first half of the unit (verses 7–10) considers the covenantal rapport that has existed between God and God’s people. While God is gracious, merciful, and eminently faithful to the covenant, the people are false to the covenant and rebellious to the point of grieving God and turning God against them ... in the postexilic period when the prayer of Trito-Isaiah assumed its final form, the term occurs regularly in texts that accuse Israel of rebellion in the face of god’s public, historical deeds, especially those in the wilderness. That is to say, the prayer reflects the meaning associated with the postexilic literature as well as Psalms 78 and 106 ... Like Psalm 78, Isaiah 63:10 employs a manner particular to those generations after the exile who shift their focus from law to historical conceits such as the wilderness. In fact, Isaiah’s terms of indictment correspond remarkably to those of Psalm 78:40 ..."

Bautch, Richard J. "Lament Regained in Trito-Isaiah’s Penitential Prayer" in Boda, Mark J., et al. (eds.) Seeking the Favor of God (pp. 83-99) Society of Biblical Literature, 2006

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