Psalm 22:12

Hebrew Bible

10 I have been dependent on you since birth; from the time I came out of my mother’s womb you have been my God. 11 Do not remain far away from me, for trouble is near and I have no one to help me. 12 Many bulls surround me; powerful bulls of Bashan hem me in. 13 They open their mouths to devour me like a roaring lion that rips its prey. 14 My strength drains away like water; all my bones are dislocated. My heart is like wax; it melts away inside me.

Ezekiel 39:18

Hebrew Bible

16 (A city by the name of Hamonah will also be there.) They will cleanse the land.’ 17 “As for you, son of man, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Tell every kind of bird and every wild beast: ‘Assemble and come! Gather from all around to my slaughter that I am going to make for you, a great slaughter on the mountains of Israel! You will eat flesh and drink blood. 18 You will eat the flesh of warriors and drink the blood of the princes of the earth—the rams, lambs, goats, and bulls, all of them fattened animals of Bashan. 19 You will eat fat until you are full and drink blood until you are drunk at my slaughter that I have made for you. 20 You will fill up at my table with horses and charioteers, with warriors and all the soldiers,’ declares the Sovereign Lord.

 Notes and References

"... Bashan, an area of rich pastureland in northern Transjordan, east of the Sea of Galilee, was renowned for its prized, fattened herds (Deuteronomy 32:14, Psalm 22:12, Amos 4:1). God’s invitation is enticing: the choicest grain-fed animals will be served. The VOICE translation speaks of “the finest, meatiest animals in all of lush Bashan!” In light of the resonances of Gog’s army with the living-dead warriors of Sheol (see Ezekiel 32:26–27; Notes Valley of the Passers-On on 39:11 and Earth’s leaders on 39:18), Bashan’s associations with living-dead Rephaim are notable. Deuteronomy 3:13 reads, “All of Bashan ... was often called Rephaim Country”. In Deuteronomy 3:1, 13 and 4:47, Codex Vaticanus associates Gog with Og of Bashan, a survivor of the Rephaim (see Deuteronomy 3:11; Joshua 12:4, 13:12) ..."

Cook, Stephen L. Ezekiel 38-48: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary (p. 100) Yale University Press, 2018

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