Psalm 105:30

Hebrew Bible

28 He made it dark; Moses and Aaron did not disobey his orders. 29 He turned the Egyptians’ water into blood and killed their fish. 30 Their land was overrun by frogs, which even got into the rooms of their kings. 31 He ordered flies to come; gnats invaded their whole territory. 32 He sent hail along with the rain; there was lightning in their land.

Wisdom of Solomon 10:16


14 and when he was in prison she did not leave him, until she brought him the scepter of a kingdom and authority over his masters. Those who accused him she showed to be false, and she gave him everlasting honor. 15 A holy people and blameless race wisdom delivered from a nation of oppressors. 16 She entered the soul of a servant of the Lord, and withstood dread kings with wonders and signs. 17 She gave to holy people the reward of their labors; she guided them along a marvelous way, and became a shelter to them by day, and a starry flame through the night. 18 She brought them over the Red Sea, and led them through deep waters;

 Notes and References

"... We find here the fourth contrast. This is driven by the comparison between the fire which proves wholly destructive to the Egyptians (Exodus 9:24) and that which is wholly beneficial to the Israelites when used to bake the manna (Exodus 16:23). The contrast is then made the basis for a general principle (16:17b, 24–25) which adds some specificity to the Jewish belief in God’s providence. In verse 16 the note of “strangeness/unusualness” continues from 16:1–4 and is mixed with the notion of paradox in verse 17 (“most incredible”; literally “most paradoxical”). The author is marveling over Exodus 9:24 (as does Philo in Life of Moses 1.118). 16:18 seems to presuppose that the plagues of frogs, flies, gnats, hail, and lightning were simultaneous, perhaps influenced by their contiguity in Psalm 105:30–32 ..."

Hayman, A. Peter Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible: Wisdom of Solomon (p. 67) William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2019

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