11 Why do you remain inactive? Intervene and destroy him. 12 But God has been my king from ancient times, performing acts of deliverance on the earth. 13 You destroyed the sea by your strength; you shattered the heads of the sea monster in the water. 14 You crushed the heads of Leviathan; you fed him to the people who live along the coast. 15 You broke open the spring and the stream; you dried up perpetually flowing rivers.
21 Tell them: ‘Hear this, you foolish people who have no understanding, who have eyes but do not discern, who have ears but do not perceive: 22 “You should fear me!” says the Lord. “You should tremble in awe before me! I made the sand to be a boundary for the sea, a permanent barrier that it can never cross. Its waves may roll, but they can never prevail. They may roar, but they can never cross beyond that boundary.” 23 But these people have stubborn and rebellious hearts. They have turned aside and gone their own way.
Notes and References
"... The threat of the cult of Baal to the organized worship of Yahweh is recorded in the HB rather consistently from the time Israel settled into Canaan until the exile. Direct polemic and even redactions take place throughout the text to assure the degradation of the cult of Baal.227 It is the insidious nature of Baal’s worship which is interpreted as the indictment leading to Yahweh’s judgment against his people resulting in their exile. In spite of the stark contrast between the two cults, the character of Yahweh rather blatantly absorbs a number of motifs associated with the older character of Baal. Yahweh, like Baal, is pictured conquering Yam and the sea beasts (Psalm 74:12-15, 89:10-11; Isaiah 27:1, 51:9-10; Jeremiah 5:22; Job 7:12; CAT 188.8.131.52-42; CAT 184.108.40.206-3, 27-30; CAT 220.127.116.11). He dwells on the mountain in language familiar with Baal’s own abode (Exodus 15:17; CAT 18.104.22.168; CAT 22.214.171.124-55). Zaphon is referenced in Psalm 48:3 which employs the same imagery of Baal defending his holy mountain appropriated for Jerusalem. Although a variation and not a direct quote, Yahweh does ride the clouds much like the common epithet of Baal (Deuteronomy 33:26; Psalm 68:5, 34; CAT 1.3 iv 4, 6; CAT 126.96.36.199-11, 17-18; CAT 188.8.131.52-60). Above Yahweh’s association with rain, thunder, and lightning was addressed ..."
Scherrer, Nathan H. Yahweh of the Southlands (p. 78) Denver Seminary, 2017
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