Proverbs 24:17

Hebrew Bible

15 Do not lie in wait like the wicked against the place where the righteous live; do not assault his home. 16 Indeed a righteous person will fall seven times, and then get up again, but the guilty will collapse in calamity. 17 Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, and when he stumbles do not let your heart rejoice, 18 lest the Lord see it, and be displeased, and turn his wrath away from him. 19 Do not fret because of evil people or be envious of wicked people,

Sirach 25:7

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

5 How attractive is wisdom in the aged, and understanding and counsel in the venerable! 6 Rich experience is the crown of the aged, and their boast is the fear of the Lord. 7 I can think of nine whom I would call blessed, and a tenth my tongue proclaims: a man who can rejoice in his children; a man who lives to see the downfall of his foes. 8 Happy the man who lives with a sensible wife, and the one who does not plow with ox and ass together. Happy is the one who does not sin with the tongue, and the one who has not served an inferior. 9 Happy is the one who finds a friend, and the one who speaks to attentive listeners.

 Notes and References

"... Like Proverbs, the poetry of Sirach is generally marked by *parallelism, either in single or multiple couplets. But the sayings of Ben Sira consist of both long and short teachings made up from various genres, such as “proverbs,” “hymns of praise,” “songs of thanksgiving,” “laments,” “prophetic speeches” and “wisdom personified speeches”, with the genres of mashal (Sirach 1-43) and rewritten Bible (Sirach 44-49) being the most prominent ones. The basic meaning of mashal is “likeness/comparison,” and it is generally used to describe a popular aphoristic saying. Like Proverbs, Sirach contains “better” sayings, with the standard formula (e.g., Sirach 20:31; 40:28). Numerical sayings usually take the form “x/x plus one” and have their emphasis on the second, larger number (e.g., Sirach 23:16-18; 25:1-2, 7-11; 26:5-6, 28; 50:25-26). Ben Sira’s numerical sayings stretch from 2/3 (Sirach 23:16-18) to 9/10 (Sirach 25:711). Other types of mashal include, among others, “happy” sayings (e.g., Sirach 14:1-2, 20; 25:8-9; 26:1) and “woe” sayings (Sirach 2:12-14; 41:8) ..."

Longman, Tremper, and Peter Enns Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings (p. 722) Inter-Varsity Press, 2008

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