Proverbs 13:24

Hebrew Bible

22 A good person leaves an inheritance for his grandchildren,but the wealth of a sinner is stored up for the righteous. 23 Abundant food may come from the field of the poor, but it is swept away by injustice. 24 The one who spares his rod hates his child, but the one who loves his child is diligent in disciplining him. 25 The righteous has enough food to satisfy his appetite, but the belly of the wicked will be empty.

2 Maccabees 6:12


10 For example, two women were brought in for having circumcised their children. They publicly paraded them around the city, with their babies hanging at their breasts, and then hurled them down headlong from the wall. 11 Others who had assembled in the caves nearby, in order to observe the seventh day secretly, were betrayed to Philip and were all burned together, because their piety kept them from defending themselves, in view of their regard for that most holy day. 12 Now I urge those who read this book not to be depressed by such calamities, but to recognize that these punishments were designed not to destroy but to discipline our people. 13 In fact, it is a sign of great kindness not to let the impious alone for long, but to punish them immediately. 14 For in the case of the other nations the Lord waits patiently to punish them until they have reached the full measure of their sins; but he does not deal in this way with us,

 Notes and References

"... In this context, physical chastisement plays an important role: “Those who spare the rod hate their children, but those who love them are diligent to discipline them” (Proverbs 13:24). “Discipline your children while there is hope; do not set your heart on their destruction” (Prov 19:18). “Folly is bound up in the heart of a boy, but the rod of discipline drives it far away” (Proverbs 22:15). In Proverbs 23:13f., it similarly says: “Do not withhold discipline from your children; if you beat them with a rod, they will not die. If you beat them with the rod, you will save their lives from Sheol” (compare Proverbs 29:1, 17). In Sirach 22:6, a rigorous education is linked to wisdom ... In this context, 2 Maccabees 6:12–16 (compare 7:33) deserves particular attention. Within the scope of a paraclesis to the reader, it is explicitly said that God did not send the penal sufferings for doom but for education or for improvement. In the background, there is also the idea of the so-called eschatological measure (“eschatologisches Maß”), according to which God always immediately punishes his people to prevent the sin from accruing, whereas it defers for the other nations, the Goyim ..."

Kraus, Wolfgang "'Whom the Lord Loveth He Chasteneth': About the Adoption of Prov 3:11f. in Hebr 12:5f" in Cook, Johann, and Randall X. Gauthier (eds.) Septuagint, Sages, and Scripture: Studies in Honour of Johann Cook (pp. 323-335) Brill, 2016

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