Micah 4:4

Hebrew Bible

2 Many nations will come, saying,“Come on! Let’s go up to the Lord’s mountain, to the temple of Jacob’s God, so he can teach us his ways and we can live by his laws.” For instruction will proceed from Zion, the Lord’s message from Jerusalem. 3 He will arbitrate between many peoples and settle disputes between many distant nations. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nations will not use weapons against other nations, and they will no longer train for war. 4 Each will sit under his own grapevine or under his own fig tree without any fear. The Lord of Heaven’s Armies has decreed it. 5 Though all the nations follow their respective gods, we will follow the Lord our God forever. 6 “In that day,” says the Lord, “I will gather the lame and assemble the outcasts whom I injured.

1 Maccabees 14:12


10 He supplied the towns with food, and furnished them with the means of defense, until his renown spread to the ends of the earth. 11 He established peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy. 12 All the people sat under their own vines and fig trees, and there was none to make them afraid. 13 No one was left in the land to fight them, and the kings were crushed in those days. 14 He gave help to all the humble among his people; he sought out the law, and did away with all the renegades and outlaws.

 Notes and References

"... The author celebrates Simon’s achievements even more expansively, asserting that “the land had rest all the days of Simon” (1 Maccabees 14:4), as it had enjoyed in the days of Solomon (1 Kings 5:4). The shalom that had been promised to Israel since the time of the prophets became reality at last under his rule ... These images stem from the prophecies of Micah, Ezekiel, and Zechariah, who promised that “old men and old women will sit again in Jerusalem’s streets” while “the land will be sown in peace” and “the vine shall bear its fruit and the ground its produce” (Zechariah 8:4, 12; see also Ezekiel 34:27) and that the people would “all sit under their own vines and under their own fig trees, and no one shall make them afraid” (Micah 4:4). The prophecies about a renewed, restored Zion had come to fulfillment under Simon’s rule ..."

DeSilva, David A. The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude: What Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha (p. 143) Oxford University Press, 2012

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