LXX Isaiah 28:16


14 Therefore hear the word of the Lord, you afflicted men and rulers of this people that is in Ierousalem. 15 Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with Hades and agreements with death, if a rushing storm passes through, it will not come to us; we have made falsehood our hope, and in falsehood we will be sheltered”; 16 therefore thus says the Lord, See, I will lay for the foundations of Sion a precious, choice stone, a highly valued cornerstone for its foundations, and the one who believes in him will not be put to shame. 17 And I will turn judgment into hope, and my mercy will become weight balances, and as for you who trust vainly in falsehood, I tell you that the tempest will not pass you by, 18 lest it also take away your covenant of death. And your hope regarding Hades will not remain; if a rushing storm comes, you will be trampled down by it.

Sirach 24:22

Ben Sira, Ecclesiasticus

21 Those who eat of me will hunger for more, and those who drink of me will thirst for more. 22 Whoever obeys me will not be put to shame, and those who work with me will not sin." 23 All this is the book of the covenant of the Most High God, the law that Moses commanded us as an inheritance for the congregations of Jacob. 25 It overflows, like the Pishon, with wisdom, and like the Tigris at the time of the first fruits. 26 It runs over, like the Euphrates, with understanding, and like the Jordan at harvest time.

 Notes and References

"... A second metaphor is that of the foundation stone of Isaiah 28:16 and Zechariah 3:8-9 and 4:7-10 ... Here the foundation stone is clearly related to the Temple and the Davidic king. The same combination occurs in Zechariah 4:6-10, where Zerubbabel lays the 'first stone' of the post-Exilic Temple ... As well as the king and the Temple, it is clear that wisdom possesses creative and redemptive functions. Bearing in mind the fact that creation in the Old Testament is often what today would be called the ordering of pre-existent material, wisdom appears as the architectonic principle in the structure of the universe, e.g., Sirach 1 and 24. She is a tree of life and establishes the world, Proverbs 3:18-20. 'Wisdom is like a goddess of life and a prima! guardian over the 'way of life' and 'paths that lead to life' Like the gebirah of Israel, she is the power behind the throne and the community.111 As the time of Christ approaches, she is equated with the Torah (Ezra 7:25-26; Sirach 24:23-29; Baruch 4:1; llQPsalms 18:14; 1 Enoch 99:10), which in turn is conceived as eternal and the structural principle of the cosmos, e.g.., Sirach 24:22 and Psalm 19. Within a century of Matthew's time Pseudo-Solomon dwelt on the saving power of wisdom, Wisdom of Solomon 9:18; 10:4; 14:4; 16:7 and 11; 18:5 and 7. He also wrote, 'Who ever knew your counsel, except you had given Wisdom and sent your holy spirit from on high?' (9:17). Here the connection between wisdom and spirit is explicit ..."

Nolan, Brian M. The Royal Son of God: The Christology of Matthew 1-2 in the Setting of the Gospel (p. 190, 229) Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1979

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