Judges 5:5

Hebrew Bible

3 Hear, O kings! Pay attention, O rulers! I will sing to the Lord! I will sing to the Lord God of Israel! 4 “O Lord, when you departed from Seir, when you marched from Edom’s plains, the earth shook, the heavens poured down, the clouds poured down rain. 5 The mountains trembled before the Lord, the God of Sinai; before the Lord God of Israel. 6 “In the days of Shamgar son of Anath, in the days of Jael caravans disappeared; travelers had to go on winding side roads. 7 Warriors were scarce; they were scarce in Israel, until you arose, Deborah, until you arose as a motherly protector in Israel.

Wisdom of Solomon 5:22


17 The Lord will take his zeal as his whole armor, and will arm all creation to repel his enemies; 18 he will put on righteousness as a breastplate, and wear impartial justice as a helmet; 19 he will take holiness as an invincible shield, 20 and sharpen stern wrath for a sword, and creation will join with him to fight against his frenzied foes. 21 Shafts of lightning will fly with true aim, and will leap from the clouds to the target, as from a well-drawn bow, 22 and hailstones full of wrath will be hurled as from a catapult; the water of the sea will rage against them, and rivers will relentlessly overwhelm them; 23 a mighty wind will rise against them, and like a tempest it will winnow them away. Lawlessness will lay waste the whole earth, and evildoing will overturn the thrones of rulers.

 Notes and References

"... The imagery of Isaiah 59 is reproduced with minor modifications in Wisdom of Solomon 5: “he will put on righteousness as a breastplate, and wear impartial justice as a helmet; he will take holiness as an invincible shield, and sharpen stern wrath for a sword.” Our question here is whether the understanding of this material is altered by its new context in the Wisdom of Solomon. The primary difference would seem to lie in the involvement of creation. Wisdom of Solomon 5:16 says that God will arm all creation to repel his enemies, and 5:20 affirms that creation will join him in his fight. To some degree, the involvement of creation is already implied in the traditional imagery of the Divine Warrior. In Judges 5 we are told that the stars fought from heaven against Sisera. In Psalm 77 the clouds poured down water and lightning illuminated the world when God led Israel through the sea. All of this, however, is understood as a miraculous departure from the normal workings of nature. The future intervention of the Divine Warrior, as envisioned in Isaiah 59, is similarly a departure from the working of nature, the action of a deity who intervenes in this world to reverse its course. In the Wisdom of Solomon, in contrast, creation itself is programmed to ensure the implementation of justice ..."

Collins, John J. Jewish Cult and Hellenistic Culture: Essays on the Jewish Encounter with Hellenism and Roman Rule (p. 153) Brill, 2005

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