Jubilees 7:20


20 And in the twenty-eighth jubilee Noah began to enjoin upon his sons' sons the ordinances and commandments, and all the judgments that he knew, and he exhorted his sons to observe righteousness, and to cover the shame of their flesh, and to bless their Creator, and honour father and mother, and love their neighbour, and guard their souls from fornication and uncleanness and all iniquity. 21 For owing to these three things came the flood upon the earth, namely, owing to the fornication wherein the Watchers against the law of their ordinances went a whoring after the daughters of men, and took themselves wives of all which they chose: and they made the beginning of uncleanness. 22 And they begat sons the Naphidim, and they were all unlike, and they devoured one another: and the Giants slew the Naphil, and the Naphil slew the Eljo, and the Eljo mankind, and one man another. 23 And every one sold himself to work iniquity and to shed much blood, and the earth was filled with iniquity.

Pseudo Jonathan Genesis 6:2


And it was when the sons of men began to multiply upon the face of the earth, and fair daughters were born to them; and the sons of the great saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and painted, and curled, walking with revelation of the flesh, and with imaginations of wickedness; that they took them wives of all who pleased them. And the Lord said by His Word, All the generations of the wicked which are to arise shall not be purged after the order of the judgments of the generation of the deluge, which shall be destroyed and exterminated from the midst of the world. Have I not imparted My Holy Spirit to them, (or, placed My Holy Spirit in them,) that they may work good works? And, behold, their works are wicked. Behold, I will give them a prolongment of a hundred and twenty years, that they may work repentance, and not perish.

 Notes and References

"... The concluding reference in passage A to the nudity of the Generation of the Flood, appears to be an adaptation of a much older tradition relating to the Antediluvians' immoral practices. One of the principal offences of the Generation of the Flood, according to R. Meir and R. Judah the Patriarch, was the public display of their nudity, (See particularly Targum Pseudo-Jonathan to Genesis 6:2 (from its inclusion in a Targum, we may presume that this tradition presumably gained wide currency in Talmudic times) alluding, no doubt, to the practices of the Graeco-Roman world. In the following passage, this tradition, which may have its origins in pre-Christian times, (See Jubilees 7:20, where Noah is depicted as admonishing his children to avoid the practice of uncovering the flesh) is associated appropriately with Job 24:7 ..."

Jacobs, Irving The Midrashic Process: Tradition and Interpretation in Rabbinic Judaism (p. 31) Cambridge University Press, 1995

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.