Jubilees 36:7


6 Remember ye, my sons, the Lord God of Abraham your father, and how I too worshipped Him and served Him in righteousness and in joy, that He might multiply you and increase your seed as the stars of heaven in multitude, and establish you on the earth as the plant of righteousness which will not be rooted out unto all the generations for ever. 7 And now I shall make you swear a great oath - for there is no oath which is greater than it by the name glorious and honoured and great and splendid and wonderful and mighty, which created the heavens and the earth and all things together - that ye will fear Him and worship Him.

1 Enoch 69:16


14 This (angel) requested Michael to show him the hidden name, that he might enunciate it in the oath, so that those might quake before that name and oath who revealed all that was in secret to the children of men. 15 And this is the power of this oath, for it is powerful and strong, and he placed this oath Akâe in the hand of Michael. 16 And these are the secrets of this oath... And they are strong through his oath: And the heaven was suspended before the world was created, And for ever. 17 And through it the earth was founded upon the water, And from the secret recesses of the mountains come beautiful waters, From the creation of the world and unto eternity. 18 And through that oath the sea was created, And †as its foundation† He set for it the sand against the time of (its) anger, And it dare not pass beyond it from the creation of the world unto eternity. 19 And through that oath are the depths made fast, And abide and stir not from their place from eternity to eternity. 20 And through that oath the sun and moon complete their course, And deviate not from their ordinance from eternity to eternity.

 Notes and References

"... Personhood was divisible and permeable in the Hebrew Bible, and while there was diachronic and synchronic variation in certain details, the same is evident in the literature of Second Temple Judaism and early Christianity. This is most clear in the widespread understanding of the spirit and the soul (שׁפנ) – often used interchangeably – as the primary loci of a person’s agency or capacity to act. Both entities were usually considered primarily constitutive of a person’s identity, but also distinct from their physical body and capable of existence apart from it. The physical body could also be penetrated or overcome by external “spirits,” and such possession imposed the agency and capacities of the possessor. The God of Israel was largely patterned after this concept of personhood, and was similarly partible, with God’s glory (Hebrew: דובכ; Greek: δόξα), wisdom (המכח/σοφία), spirit (חור/πνεῦµα), word (רבד/λόγος), presence (הניכשׁ), and name (םשׁ/ὄνοµα) operating as autonomous and sometimes personified loci of agency that could presence the deity and also possess persons (or cultic objects) and/or endow them with special status or powers. The most important of these entities for the purposes of this paper is Yhwh’s name, which is credited with some of God’s most salient acts. For instance, Jubilees 36:7 and 1 Enoch 69:14-27 attribute the creation of the heavens and the earth to the activity of the divine name ..."

McClellan, Daniel Cognitive Perspectives on Early Christology (pp. 647-662) Biblical Interpretation, Vol. 25, 2017

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