Jubilees 3:31


28 And on that day was closed the mouth of all beasts, and of cattle, and of birds, and of whatever walks, and of whatever moves, so that they could no longer speak: for they had all spoken one with another with one lip and with one tongue. 29 And He sent out of the Garden of Eden all flesh that was in the Garden of Eden, and all flesh was scattered according to its kinds, and according to its types unto the places which had been created for them. 30 And to Adam alone did He give (the wherewithal) to cover his shame, of all the beasts and cattle. 31 On this account, it is prescribed on the heavenly tablets as touching all those who know the judgment of the law, that they should cover their shame, and should not uncover themselves as the Gentiles uncover themselves.

Pseudo Jonathan Genesis 6:2


And it was when the sons of men began to multiply upon the face of the earth, and fair daughters were born to them; and the sons of the great saw that the daughters of men were beautiful, and painted, and curled, walking with revelation of the flesh, and with imaginations of wickedness; that they took them wives of all who pleased them. And the Lord said by His Word, All the generations of the wicked which are to arise shall not be purged after the order of the judgments of the generation of the deluge, which shall be destroyed and exterminated from the midst of the world. Have I not imparted My Holy Spirit to them, (or, placed My Holy Spirit in them,) that they may work good works? And, behold, their works are wicked.

 Notes and References

"... Particularly in the gymnasium the “curious” feature of Judean ethnic identity became all too visible – the circumcision of the male foreskin, since exercises were conducted in the nude. Some Judeans underwent an epispasm by which the foreskin was restored, and so was said to have forsaken the “holy covenant” (1 Maccabees 1:15). No wonder the gymnasium was regarded as one of the most important abominations of Hellenism (1 Maccabees 1:14-15; 2 Maccabees 4:9-17). Jubilees 3:31 also says Adam and Eve covered their genitals, unlike the Gentiles. According to Cohen, there are passages in the Tanak that speak of the importance of circumcision (Jeremiah 9:24-25; Genesis 17, 34; Exodus 4:24-26, 12:43-49; Joshua 5:2-11) but the Bible “as a whole generally ignores it and nowhere regards it as the essential mark of [Judean] identity or as the sine qua non for membership in the [Judean polity]. It attained this status only in Maccabean times” ..."

Cromhout, Markus A Clash of Symbolic Universes: Judeanism vs Hellenism (pp. 1089-1117) Hervormde Teologiese Studies, Vol. 63, 2009

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.