Jubilees 17:17


17 And the Lord knew that Abraham was faithful in all his afflictions; for He had tried him through his country and with famine, and had tried him with the wealth of kings, and had tried him again through his wife, when she was torn (from him), and with circumcision; and had tried him through Ishmael and Hagar, his maid-servant, when he sent them away. 18 And in everything wherein He had tried him, he was found faithful, and his soul was not impatient, and he was not slow to act; for he was faithful and a lover of the Lord.

1 Enoch 108:9


8 Who love God and loved neither gold nor silver nor any of the good things which are in the world, but gave over their bodies to torture. 9 Who, since they came into being, longed not after earthly food, but regarded everything as a passing breath, and lived accordingly, and the Lord tried them much, and their spirits were found pure so that they should bless His name. 10 And all the blessings destined for them I have recounted in the books. And he has assigned them their reward, because they have been found to be such as loved heaven more than their life in the world, and though they were trodden under foot of wicked men, and experienced abuse and reviling from them and were put to shame, yet they blessed Me.

 Notes and References

"... The third view [of suffering] considers suffering as God-sent to his innocent, righteous servant in atonement for the sins of individuals and/or the nation. The Book of Wisdom says that the Lord tests the upright through suffering in order that they might be found worthy. Jubilees (17:17) recalls the testing of Abraham in Genesis 22 and the Psalms of Solomon state that, “in the process of God’s testing, the righteous are required to endure so that they may be shown mercy (Psalms of Solomon 16:14-15). 2 and 4 Maccabees provide detailed accounts of the martyrdom of Eleazer, the mother and her seven sons, and others. The example par excellence of an innocent sufferer for others in the Old Testament is, of course, the Suffering Servant of Isaiah 52:13—53:12 ..."

Mortell, Philip B. A Socio-rhetorical Interpretation of Paul’s Theology of Christian Suffering in 1 Corinthians (pp. 25-26) University of Limerick, 2020

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