Hebrew Bible

Job 13:16

6 Listen now to my argument, and be attentive to my lips’ contentions. 7 Will you speak wickedly on God’s behalf? Will you speak deceitfully for him? 8 Will you show him partiality? Will you argue the case for God? 9 Would it turn out well if he would examine you?Or as one deceives a man would you deceive him? 10 He would certainly rebuke youif you secretly showed partiality. 11 Would not his splendor terrify youand the fear he inspires fall on you? 12 Your maxims are proverbs of ashes; your defenses are defenses of clay. 13 “Refrain from talking with me so that I may speak;then let come to me what may. 14 Why do I put myself in peril, and take my life in my hands? 15 Even if he slays me, I will hope in him; I will surely defend my ways to his face. 16 Moreover, this will become my deliverance,for no godless person would come before him. 17 Listen carefully to my words;let your ears be attentive to my explanation. 18 See now, I have prepared my case; I know that I am right. 19 Who will contend with me?If anyone can, I will be silent and die. 20 Only in two things spare me, O God, and then I will not hide from your face: 21 Remove your hand far from meand stop making me afraid with your terror. 22 Then call, and I will answer,or I will speak, and you respond to me.

Date: 5th Century B.C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates
New Testament

Philippians 1:19

12 I want you to know, brothers and sisters, that my situation has actually turned out to advance the gospel: 13 The whole imperial guard and everyone else knows that I am in prison for the sake of Christ, 14 and most of the brothers and sisters, having confidence in the Lord because of my imprisonment, now more than ever dare to speak the word fearlessly. 15 Some, to be sure, are preaching Christ from envy and rivalry, but others from goodwill. 16 The latter do so from love because they know that I am placed here for the defense of the gospel. 17 The former proclaim Christ from selfish ambition, not sincerely, because they think they can cause trouble for me in my imprisonment. 18 What is the result? Only that in every way, whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is being proclaimed, and in this I rejoice.Yes, and I will continue to rejoice, 19 for I know that this will turn out for my deliverance through your prayers and the help of the Spirit of Jesus Christ. 20 My confident hope is that I will in no way be ashamed but that with complete boldness, even now as always, Christ will be exalted in my body, whether I live or die. 21 For to me, living is Christ and dying is gain. 22 Now if I am to go on living in the body, this will mean productive work for me, yet I don’t know which I prefer: 23 I feel torn between the two because I have a desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far, 24 but it is more vital for your sake that I remain in the body. 25 And since I am sure of this, I know that I will remain and continue with all of you for the sake of your progress and joy in the faith, 26 so that what you can be proud of may increase because of me in Christ Jesus, when I come back to you.

Date: 56-63 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates