Jeremiah 49:9

Hebrew Bible

7 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies spoke about Edom: “Is wisdom no longer to be found in Teman? Can Edom’s counselors not give her any good advice? Has all their wisdom turned bad? 8 Turn and flee! Take up refuge in remote places, you people who live in Dedan. For I will bring disaster on the descendants of Esau. I have decided it is time for me to punish them. 9 If grape pickers came to pick your grapes, would they not leave a few grapes behind? If robbers came at night, would they not pillage only what they needed? 10 But I will strip everything away from Esau’s descendants. I will uncover their hiding places so they cannot hide. Their children, relatives, and neighbors will all be destroyed. Not one of them will be left! 11 Leave your orphans behind, and I will keep them alive. Your widows, too, can depend on me.”

Obadiah 1:5

Hebrew Bible

3 Your presumptuous heart has deceived you—you who reside in the safety of the rocky cliffs, whose home is high in the mountains. You think to yourself, ‘No one can bring me down to the ground!’ 4 Even if you were to soar high like an eagle, even if you were to make your nest among the stars, I can bring you down even from there!” says the Lord. 5If thieves came to rob you during the night, they would steal only as much as they wanted. If grape pickers came to harvest your vineyards, they would leave some behind for the poor. But you will be totally destroyed! 6 How the people of Esau will be thoroughly plundered! Their hidden valuables will be ransacked! 7 All your allies will force you from your homeland! Your treaty partners will deceive you and overpower you. Your trusted friends will set an ambush for you that will take you by surprise!

 Notes and References

"... In addition to the close verbal parallel in Obadiah 2-4 with Jeremiah 49:14-16, Obadiah 5 picks up a previous saying from Jeremiah 49:9, but reverses the order of its two parts. No satisfactory explanation has been offered regarding either change. Why was it necessary to go back to Jeremiah 49:9, and why does the parallel reverse 49:9b and 49:9a? A simple explanation presents itself if one assumes that the compiler of Obadiah is following the rhetorical/thematic flow of Amos 9. Amos 9:7-10 uses agricultural metaphors both to describe the coming destruction and to introduce the theme of a surviving remnant. Both motifs appear prominently in Jeremiah 49:9, but in the opposite order than they appear in Amos 9:7-10. By inverting the order of Jeremiah 49:9a,b, Obadiah 5 brings its message of judgment and remnant into line with Amos, using agricultural metaphors to introduce the topics of destruction and a remnant. Of course, the message differs for the respective entities: in Amos 9:7-10, destruction will come but a remnant of Israel will survive, but Obadiah 5 implies that the coming destruction will leave no remnant for Edom ..."

Nogalski, James The Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary: Hosea-Jonah (p. 373) Smyth & Helwys, 2011

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