Jeremiah 25:5

Hebrew Bible

3 “For the last 23 years, from the thirteenth year that Josiah son of Amon was ruling in Judah until now, the Lord’s messages have come to me, and I have told them to you over and over again. But you would not listen. 4 Over and over again the Lord has sent his servants the prophets to you. But you have not listened or paid attention. 5 He said through them, ‘Each of you must turn from your wicked ways and stop doing the evil things you are doing. If you do, I will allow you to continue to live here in the land that I gave to you and your ancestors as a lasting possession. 6 Do not pay allegiance to other gods and worship and serve them. Do not make me angry by the things that you do. Then I will not cause you any harm.’ 7 So, now the Lord says, ‘You have not listened to me. But you have made me angry by the things that you have done. Thus you have brought harm on yourselves.’

Zechariah 1:4

Hebrew Bible

2 “The Lord was very angry with your ancestors. 3 Therefore say to the people: The Lord of Heaven’s Armies says, ‘Turn to me,’ says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, ‘and I will turn to you,’ says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. 4 Do not be like your ancestors, to whom the former prophets called out, saying, ‘This is what the Lord of Heaven’s Armies has said, “Turn now from your evil wickedness.”’ But they would by no means obey me,” says the Lord. 5 “As for your ancestors, where are they? And did the prophets live forever? 6 But have my words and statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, not outlived your fathers? Then they paid attention and confessed, ‘The Lord of Heaven’s Armies has indeed done what he said he would do to us, because of our sinful ways.’”

 Notes and References

"... Wenzel’s study gives extensive attention to the contexts of the alluded to texts in order to determine “the purpose or result of the reference for Zechariah’s argument.” In establishing the reference texts he utilizes both exclusivity of language/syntax and broader contextual correspondence. For instance, in identifying a reference text for Zechariah 1:4 he “looks for the imperative plural masculine of בושׁ” and finds Jeremiah 18:11, 25:5, 35:15 and 2 Kings 17:13. He then compares the nearer contexts of these verses and excludes Jeremiah 18:11, because it alone among these four does not reference the “ancestors” or “the previous prophets who are identified as Yahweh’s servants.” He concludes that Jeremiah 25:5 “is the primary reference because it is the only other place where a noun from the root ללע is qualified by ער.” Finally, he observes that the summarizing function of Jeremiah 25 in the context of the book of Jeremiah corroborates this conclusion, since “Zechariah 1:4 is not a summary or a culmination ... Zechariah 1:4 rather draws on the summary in Jeremiah 25.” He consistently applies this method to the seven case studies of his work and draws conclusions on the implications the source texts have for understanding Zechariah’s message to his present-day audience ..."

Seufert, Matthew Thomas Zechariah: Select Problems and Allusive Solutions (pp. 16-17) The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2017

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