3 Then I myself will regather those of my people who are still alive from all the countries where I have driven them. I will bring them back to their homeland. They will greatly increase in number. 4 I will install rulers over them who will care for them. Then they will no longer need to fear or be terrified. None of them will turn up missing. I, the Lord, promise it! 5 “I, the Lord, promise that a new time will certainly come when I will raise up for them a righteous branch, a descendant of David. He will rule over them with wisdom and understanding and will do what is just and right in the land. 6 Under his rule Judah will enjoy safety and Israel will live in security. This is the name he will go by:‘The Lord has provided us with justice.’ 7 “So I, the Lord, say: ‘A new time will certainly come. People now affirm their oaths with, “I swear as surely as the Lord lives who delivered the people of Israel out of Egypt.”
6 Then the angel of the Lord exhorted Joshua solemnly: 7 “The Lord of Heaven’s Armies says, ‘If you follow my ways and keep my requirements, you will be able to preside over my temple and attend to my courtyards, and I will allow you to come and go among these others who are standing by you. 8 Listen now, Joshua the high priest, both you and your colleagues who are sitting before you, all of you are a symbol that I am about to introduce my servant, the Branch. 9 As for the stone I have set before Joshua—on the one stone there are seven eyes. I am about to engrave an inscription on it,’ says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, ‘to the effect that I will remove the iniquity of this land in a single day. 10 In that day,’ says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, ‘everyone will invite his friend to fellowship under his vine and under his fig tree.’”
Notes and References
"... In Jeremiah 23:5–6, the Lord promises to raise up for David a righteous Branch. Since the previous chapter ends with a ringing declaration that no descendant of Jehoiachin would ever again sit on the throne of David, there is some reason to doubt whether the oracle in chapter 23 comes from Jeremiah. In any case, the reaffirmation of this prophecy in Jer 33:15–16 is clearly a secondary addition to the book, as it is not found in the Greek. When it was added, we do not know. There was a flurry of messianic excitement centered on Zerubbabel in the period of the restoration. Zerubbabel was proclaimed the fulfillment of the prophecy in Jeremiah, by Zechariah, (Zechariah 3:8; 6:12) and as YHWH’s signet ring by Haggai ..."
Collins, John J. Jewish Cult and Hellenistic Culture: Essays on the Jewish Encounter with Hellenism and Roman Rule (p. 60) Brill, 2005
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