Jeremiah 22:16

Hebrew Bible

14 He says, “I will build myself a large palace with spacious upper rooms.”He cuts windows in its walls, panels it with cedar, and paints its rooms red. 15 Does it make you any more of a king that you outstrip everyone else in building with cedar? Just think about your father. He was content that he had food and drink. He did what was just and right. So things went well with him. 16 He upheld the cause of the poor and needy. So things went well for Judah.’ The Lord says, ‘That is a good example of what it means to know me. 17 But you are always thinking and looking for ways to increase your wealth by dishonest means. Your eyes and your heart are set on killing some innocent person and committing fraud and oppression.’” 18 So the Lord has this to say about Josiah’s son, King Jehoiakim of Judah:“People will not mourn for him, saying,‘This makes me sad, my brother! This makes me sad, my sister!’They will not mourn for him, saying,‘Poor, poor lord! Poor, poor majesty!’

Psalm 72:4

Hebrew Bible

2 Then he will judge your people fairly and your oppressed ones equitably. 3 The mountains will bring news of peace to the people, and the hills will announce justice. 4 He will defend the oppressed among the people; he will deliver the children of the poor and crush the oppressor. 5 People will fear you as long as the sun and moon remain in the sky, for generation after generation. 6 He will descend like rain on the mown grass, like showers that drench the earth.

 Notes and References

"... The image of a new shoot, sprouting from the stump of an old tree, fits the situation of the truncated Davidic dynasty (compare chapter 22, especially verse 30). The phrase, “righteous shoot,” is probably the Hebrew version of an ancient Near Eastern term meaning “legitimate scion”. The Old Testament expectation regarding kings emphasizes the characteristics of righteousness and justice (1 Kings 10:9; Psalm 72:1-3; Isaiah 9:7). Jeremiah 22:15-17 describes Josiah’s reign in these terms. These virtues are demonstrated especially in defending the oppressed and saving the poor (Psalm 72:4; Jeremiah 22:16). The king is the Lord’s agent, however. In verse 16 the LORD receives the credit for the salvation of Judah and Jerusalem, expressed in a new name for the city (“she”), “the LORD is our righteousness.” In 23:6 the new king bears this name, but in 33:16 it goes to Jerusalem. (Ezekiel 48:35 also gives Jerusalem a new name, ‘The LORD is there.”) Verses 15-16 make two significant changes in the oracle from 23:5-6. (1) Chapter 33 omits the clause “then a king will rule and act prudently” and does not use the term “king” anywhere else in the passage. (2) 23:6 assigns the name ‘The LORD is our righteousness” to the king, but 33:16 gives it to the city ..."

Keown, Gerald L. Word Biblical Commentary: Jeremiah 26-52 (pp. 173-174) Zondervan, 1995

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