Isaiah 66:24

Hebrew Bible

22 “For just as the new heavens and the new earth I am about to make will remain standing before me,” says the Lord, “so your descendants and your name will remain. 23 From one month to the next and from one Sabbath to the next, all people will come to worship me,” says the Lord. 24They will go out and observe the corpses of those who rebelled against me, for the maggots that eat them will not die, and the fire that consumes them will not die out. All people will find the sight abhorrent.

1QH 3

The Thanksgiving Hymns
Dead Sea Scrolls

He is but an edifice of dust, and a thing kneaded with water, whose beginning [is sinful iniquity], and shameful nakedness, [and a fount of uncleanness], and over whom a spirit of straying rules. If he is wicked he shall become [a sign for] ever, and a wonder to (every) generation, [and an object of horror to all] flesh. By Thy goodness alone is man righteous, and with Thy many mercies [Thou strengthenest him]. Thou wilt adorn him with Thy splendour and wilt [cause him to reign amid] many delights with everlasting peace and length of days.

 Notes and References

"... there need not be any contradiction between resurrection and immortality; both forms of expectation were closely related for the Palestinian Jew. That the Essenes had some interest in the resurrection may be deduced from their special appreciation for the book of Daniel, and its fulminant end in chapter 12, the latest book of the Old Testament canon, written about 165-164. Surely they did not expect such a massive bodily form as we find later in pharisaic texts. Their expectation of the eschatological punishment of the wicked also has earlier Greek parallels. Martin P. Nilsson in his great History of Greek Religion emphasizes the fact that "hell is a Greek invention." Probably already in Isaiah 66:24, the last sentence of the book, and in Daniel 12:2b, which is shaped according to this model, we have a hint at the changed eschatological expectation of the new Hellenistic era. The Essenes were, as I said at the beginning, probably the sharpest enemies of the new Greek wisdom in Eretz Israel. But even they could not escape the penetrating Zeitgeist of the new era ..."

Hengel, Martin "Qumran and Hellenism" in Collins, John J., and Robert A. Kugler (eds.) Religion in the Dead Sea Scrolls (pp. 46-56) William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000

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