Isaiah 53:11

Hebrew Bible

9 They intended to bury him with criminals, but he ended up in a rich man’s tomb because he had committed no violent deeds, nor had he spoken deceitfully. 10 Though the Lord desired to crush him and make him ill, once restitution is made, he will see descendants and enjoy long life, and the Lord’s purpose will be accomplished through him. 11 Having suffered, he will reflect on his work, he will be satisfied when he understands what he has done. “My servant will acquit many, for he carried their sins. 12 So I will assign him a portion with the multitudes, he will divide the spoils of victory with the powerful, because he willingly submitted to death and was numbered with the rebels, when he lifted up the sin of many and intervened on behalf of the rebels.”

Daniel 12:3

Hebrew Bible

1 “At that time Michael, the great prince who watches over your people, will arise. There will be a time of distress unlike any other from the nation’s beginning up to that time. But at that time your own people, all those whose names are found written in the book, will escape. 2 Many of those who sleep in the dusty ground will awake—some to everlasting life, and others to shame and everlasting abhorrence. 3 But the wise will shine like the brightness of the heavenly expanse. And those bringing many to righteousness will be like the stars forever and ever. 4 “But you, Daniel, close up these words and seal the book until the time of the end. Many will dash about, and knowledge will increase.” 5 I, Daniel, watched as two others stood there, one on each side of the river.

 Notes and References

"... In addition to the grammatical form of the verb its (indirect) object must also be considered when making a final decision about the best nuance in translation. The covenant is made with or for ‘the many’ (םי ִבַּרָל). The same expression appears in Isaiah 53:11 to designate those who are justified by the Servant though they do not understand why he should suffer, and in Daniel 11:33 and 12:3 to designate a special group of people being taught by the םיִלִכְּשַׂמ. Is the reference in Daniel 9:27 to this special group, or is another group in view? Are the ‘many’ in Daniel 9:27 the ‘faithful remnant’ or are they collaborators with the forces of evil, either the leaders of the community or the Hellenists in general (presuming a second century date)? ... In Daniel 11:34 the word ‘many’ without the definite article refers to renegade Jews, but the occurrence in 11:39 is similar to 11:33, i.e. with definite article (and the preposition ב): it is said that the King of the North will cause his supporters ‘to rule over the many.’ It seems therefore that the expression ִבַּרָהםי, ‘the many,’ is a reference not to the general multitude that went along with Hellenistic reforms, but to a specialized group who in fact opposed them ..."

Linington, Silvia Anneliese Covenant In Daniel And The Dead Sea Scrolls: An Exposition Of Daniel 9-12 And Selected Sections Of The Damascus Document (CD), Community Rule (1QS), Hymns Scroll (1QHa) And War Scroll (1QM) (pp. 106-107) University of South Africa, 2014

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