Isaiah 5:14

Hebrew Bible

12 They have stringed instruments, tambourines, flutes, and wine at their parties. So they do not recognize what the Lord is doing, they do not perceive what he is bringing about. 13 Therefore my people will be deported because of their lack of understanding. Their leaders will have nothing to eat, their masses will have nothing to drink. 14 So Death will open up its throat, and open wide its mouth; Zion’s dignitaries and masses will descend into it, including those who revel and celebrate within her. 15 Men will be humiliated, they will be brought low; the proud will be brought low. 16 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies will be exalted when he punishes, the holy God’s authority will be recognized when he judges.

Habakkuk 2:5

Hebrew Bible

3 For the message is a witness to what is decreed; it gives reliable testimony about how matters will turn out. Even if the message is not fulfilled right away, wait patiently; for it will certainly come to pass—it will not arrive late. 4 Look, the one whose desires are not upright will faint from exhaustion, but the person of integrity will live because of his faithfulness. 5 Indeed, wine will betray the proud, restless man! His appetite is as big as Sheol’s; like death, he is never satisfied. He gathers all the nations; he seizes all peoples. 6 “But all these nations will someday taunt him and ridicule him with proverbial sayings: ‘Woe to the one who accumulates what does not belong to him (how long will this go on?)—he who gets rich by extortion!’ 7 Your creditors will suddenly attack; those who terrify you will spring into action, and they will rob you.

 Notes and References

"... Baal’s conflict with the god Death (Mot) at Ugarit is not reflected in the First Testament, although one episode during Baal’s period in the underworld seems to lie behind the poem about the “son of Dawn” who seeks to make his throne “on the heights of Zaphon” but is brought down to the underworld (Isaiah 14:12-15). At Ugarit, Athtar, who is associated with the morning star (Venus), seeks to replace Baal, but when he climbs onto Baal’s throne on Mount Zaphon, Athtar’s legs do not reach the ground, and he is forced to withdraw in disgrace. On the other hand, Death as a deity is reflected in the First Testament. Isaiah 28:15, 18 refers to Judah’s “covenant with death,” and the surrounding religious language indicates that this is neither physical death nor a metaphor for a foreign power but rather a covenant with a deity in place of the one with Yahweh. Isaiah 5:14 describes Sheol, Death’s home, as a gaping mouth through which the inhabitants of Jerusalem enter, just as an Ugarit text describes Mot’s mouth as stretching from the heavens to the earth; Numbers 16:30; Psalm 141:7; Proverbs 1:12; and Habakkuk 2:5 also refer to Sheol’s “mouth” swallowing people, but Yahweh (ironically) swallows Death (Isaiah 25:7). Similarly, the metaphor of Death shepherding people to Sheol (Psalm 49:14) echoes an Ugaritic reference to sheep in Mot’s mouth ..."

McLaughlin, John L. The Ancient Near East: An Essential Guide (pp. 118-119) Abingdon Press, 2012

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