Isaiah 45:1

Hebrew Bible

1This is what the Lord says to his chosen one, to Cyrus, whose right hand I hold in order to subdue nations before him, and disarm kings, to open doors before him so gates remain unclosed: 2 ‘I will go before you and level mountains. Bronze doors I will shatter and iron bars I will hack through. 3 I will give you hidden treasures, riches stashed away in secret places, so you may recognize that I am the Lord, the one who calls you by name, the God of Israel.

2 Chronicles 36:23

Hebrew Bible

20 He deported to Babylon all who escaped the sword. They served him and his sons until the Persian kingdom rose to power. 21 This took place to fulfill the Lord’s message spoken through Jeremiah and lasted until the land experienced its sabbatical years. All the time of its desolation the land rested in order to fulfill the seventy years. 22 In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, in fulfillment of the Lord’s message spoken through Jeremiah, the Lord motivated King Cyrus of Persia to issue a proclamation throughout his kingdom and also to put it in writing. It read: 23This is what King Cyrus of Persia says: ‘The Lord God of heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth. He has appointed me to build a temple for him in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Anyone of his people among you may go up there, and may the Lord his God be with him.’”

 Notes and References

"... King of Persia; conquered Babylon (539 BCE). The Hebrew Bible ends with his proclamation that the exiled people of Judah could return home and rebuild their Temple (2 Chronicles 36:23); he was therefore acclaimed in prophetic circles as YHWH’s own Messiah, that is, anointed one (Isaiah 45:1) ..."

Goldenberg, Robert The Origins of Judaism: From Canaan to the Rise of Islam (p. 229) Cambridge University Press, 2007

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