Isaiah 42:8

Hebrew Bible

6 “I, the Lord, officially commission you; I take hold of your hand. I protect you and make you a covenant mediator for people and a light to the nations, 7 to open blind eyes, to release prisoners from dungeons, those who live in darkness from prisons. 8I am the Lord! That is my name! I will not share my glory with anyone else or the praise due me with idols. 9 Look, my earlier predictive oracles have come to pass; now I announce new events. Before they begin to occur, I reveal them to you.” 10 Sing to the Lord a brand new song! Praise him from the horizon of the earth, you who go down to the sea and everything that lives in it, your coastlands and those who live there.

Wisdom of Solomon 14:21


19 For he, perhaps wishing to please his ruler, skillfully forced the likeness to take more beautiful form, 20 and the multitude, attracted by the charm of his work, now regarded as an object of worship the one whom shortly before they had honored as a human being. 21 And this became a hidden trap for humankind, because people, in bondage to misfortune or to royal authority, bestowed on objects of stone or wood the name that ought not to be shared. 22 Then it was not enough for them to err about the knowledge of God, but though living in great strife due to ignorance, they call such great evils peace. 23 For whether they kill children in their initiations, or celebrate secret mysteries, or hold frenzied revels with strange customs,

 Notes and References

"... 14:12 at first sight seems strange, but in the background lies the rich metaphorical use in the Old Testament of the term “fornication / prostitution” for religious apostasy (see Jeremiah 2:20; 3:2, 9; Hosea 4:12; 5:4; 6:10). The parallelistic structure of the verse reinforces this less specific meaning of the term “fornication” (the idea of making idols parallels the invention of them; the beginning of fornication parallels the corruption of life). In 14:21 some commentators have seen an allusion to the practice of not pronouncing the divine name Yahweh. But idolaters were hardly likely to be calling their gods by such a name, and the more universal term theos is almost certainly what the author had in mind (compare Isaiah 42:8). 14:22 has been taken to be an allusion to the Pax Romana. The NRSV slightly obscures the meaning of 14:29. It is because the wicked are so sure that their gods are lifeless that they swear false oaths (verse 30) and do not, therefore, expect to suffer any untoward consequences, in contrast to Exodus 20:7. 14:31 is concerned to emphasize that it is not the power of the gods represented by the idols which brings retribution on perjurers, while the Greek of verse 31 evokes the personification of Justice (Dikē) relentlessly pursuing wrongdoers ..."

Hayman, A. Peter Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible: Wisdom of Solomon (pp. 63-64) William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2019

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