Isaiah 24:21

Hebrew Bible

19 The earth is broken in pieces, the earth is ripped to shreds, the earth shakes violently. 20 The earth will stagger around like a drunk; it will sway back and forth like a hut in a windstorm. Its sin will weigh it down, and it will fall and never get up again. 21 At that time the Lord will punish the heavenly forces in the heavens and the earthly kings on the earth. 22 They will be imprisoned in a pit, locked up in a prison, and after staying there for a long time, they will be punished. 23 The full moon will be covered up, the bright sun will be darkened; for the Lord of Heaven’s Armies will rule on Mount Zion in Jerusalem in the presence of his assembly, in majestic splendor.

1 Enoch 54:2


1 And I looked and turned to another part of the earth, and saw there a deep valley with burning fire. 2 And they brought the kings and the mighty, and began to cast them into this deep valley. 3 And there mine eyes saw how they made these their instruments, iron chains of immeasurable weight. 4 And I asked the angel of peace who went with me, saying: 'For whom are these chains being prepared?' 5 And he said unto me: 'These are being prepared for the hosts of Azâzêl, so that they may take them and cast them into the abyss of complete condemnation, and they shall cover their jaws with rough stones as the Lord of Spirits commanded.

 Notes and References

"... David Suter finds a different kind of unity in 54:1-56:4 and argues that 54:7-55:2 is not an interpolation but is integral to the original composition of the section. He sees this whole section (54:1-56:4) as a tripartite a-b-a ('concave') midrash on the tripartite section in Isaiah 24:17-23 - a midrash that he believes has left its marks elsewhere in the Parables. The parallels that he sees between the present section and Isaiah 24 are ... (Isaiah 24:17-10 and 1 Enoch 54:1-6; Isaiah 24:19-20 and 1 Enoch 54:7-55:2; Isaiah 24:20-23 and 1 Enoch 52:3-56:4) ... Certain of Suter's parallels are noteworthy. Both texts describe two stages of punishment for both the kings of the earth and the rebellious host of heaven, presumably in the same place(s) ... the structure is less clear than Suter suggests ... the evidence for a connection between 54:1-56:4 and Isaiah 24:17-23 is less compelling than the evidence for an interpolation in 54:1-56:4 ..."

Nickelsburg, George W. E. A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch Chapters 37-82 (pp. 200-201) Fortress Press, 2012

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