Isaiah 14:14

Hebrew Bible

12 “Look how you have fallen from the sky, O shining one, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the ground, O conqueror of the nations! 13 You said to yourself, ‘I will climb up to the sky. Above the stars of El I will set up my throne. I will rule on the mountain of assembly on the remote slopes of Zaphon. 14 I will climb up to the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High! 15 But you were brought down to Sheol, to the remote slopes of the Pit. 16 Those who see you stare at you, they look at you carefully, thinking: ‘Is this the man who shook the earth, the one who made kingdoms tremble?

Daniel 8:10

Hebrew Bible

8 The male goat acted even more arrogantly. But no sooner had the large horn become strong than it was broken, and there arose four conspicuous horns in its place, extending toward the four winds of the sky. 9 From one of them came a small horn, but it grew to be very great toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land. 10 It grew so great it reached the army of heaven, and it brought about the fall of some of the army and some of the stars to the ground, where it trampled them. 11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, from whom the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary was thrown down. 12 The army was given over, along with the daily sacrifice, in the course of his sinful rebellion. It hurled truth to the ground and enjoyed success.

 Notes and References

"... Daniel 8:10–13 has often been compared to Isaiah 14:12–15, though only a few readers appear to claim literary dependence, and these few do not offer detailed defense. That the text alludes to anything at all is suggested rst by the relative suddenness with which an expansion toward the “beautiful land” (i.e., Jerusalem) becomes equated with an assault on the host of heaven (Daniel 8:9, 10). This suddenness, combined with the paraphrasis of “beautiful land,” produces a slight “opacity” relative to the larger context. This disjuncture is reinforced by the appearance in Daniel 8:9 of the “little horn,” a figure already associated with narrative climax in Daniel 7:8. Isaiah 14 itself probably alludes to a myth about thefigure “Helel ben Shachar” and its fall from heaven. It is true that 1 Enoch 46:7, 2 Maccabees 9:10, and Revelation 12:4 also share the motif of the assault on heaven. Each of these, though, may itself be open to the influence either of Isaiah 14 or of Daniel 8. An example of this “lucifer pattern,” in which a divine being attempts unsuccessfully to assume the throne of the high god and then suffers humiliation, may also found in the Ugaritic Baal cycle. However, the violent conflict so central to Isaiah 14:12–15 and Daniel 8:10–13 is absent from the Baal cycle ..."

Lester, G. Brooke Daniel Evokes Isaiah: Allusive Characterization of Foreign Rule in the Hebrew-Aramaic Book of Daniel (pp. 80-82) Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2015

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