10 All of them respond to you, saying: ‘You too have become weak like us! You have become just like us! 11 Your splendor has been brought down to Sheol, as well as the sound of your stringed instruments. You lie on a bed of maggots, with a blanket of worms over you.’ 12 “Look how you have fallen from the sky, O shining one, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the ground, O conqueror of the nations! 13 You said to yourself, ‘I will climb up to the sky. Above the stars of El I will set up my throne. I will rule on the mountain of assembly on the remote slopes of Zaphon. 14 I will climb up to the tops of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High!’
8 The male goat acted even more arrogantly. But no sooner had the large horn become strong than it was broken, and there arose four conspicuous horns in its place, extending toward the four winds of the sky. 9 From one of them came a small horn, but it grew to be very great toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land. 10 It grew so great it reached the army of heaven, and it brought about the fall of some of the army and some of the stars to the ground, where it trampled them. 11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, from whom the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary was thrown down. 12 The army was given over, along with the daily sacrifice, in the course of his sinful rebellion. It hurled truth to the ground and enjoyed success.
Notes and References
"... So far the verbs in verse 9 were feminine. It should be because horn in Hebrew takes the feminine verbs. In verse 10 it is still Justinian and still the Little Horn but now there is a fusion with Satan in the Rebellion in Heaven Motif and in fact this Motif is now pushed to the foreground. Lucifer caused some of the angels to fell from heaven with him when he became Satan. The verbs are feminine since the subject or role of the Little Horn is not forsaken yet. However, in verse 11 there is a sudden surprise. The verbs are masculine. Daniel focused here solely on the Rebellion in Heaven Motif and on Lucifer’s self exaltation desires and his great fall described in Isaiah 14:12-14 and Ezekiel 28. Daniel was a good reader of Isaiah as Daniel 9 indicates with the connections to verbs of the Messiah’s actions in Isaiah 53 (see Sook Young Kim 2008; 2011; see also M. Oxentenko 2013). Links are also in Daniel 8 and Isaiah 14 ..."
van Wyk, Koot The Quo Vadis Problem and Solution in Historicism of Daniel 11 (pp. 99-135) International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol. 5, No. 9, 2015
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