Isaiah 1:3

Hebrew Bible

1 Here is the message about Judah and Jerusalem that was revealed to Isaiah son of Amoz during the time when Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah reigned over Judah. 2 Listen, O heavens, pay attention, O earth! For the Lord speaks: “I raised children, I brought them up, but they have rebelled against me! 3 An ox recognizes its owner, a donkey recognizes where its owner puts its food; but Israel does not recognize me, my people do not understand.4 Beware sinful nation, the people weighed down by evil deeds. They are offspring who do wrong, children who do wicked things. They have abandoned the Lord, and rejected the Holy One of Israel. They are alienated from him.

1 Enoch 101:9

Pseudepigrapha

6 Are not the entire sea and all its waters, and all its movements, the work of the Most High, and has He not set limits to its doings, and confined it throughout by the sand? 7 And at His reproof it is afraid and dries up, and all its fish die and all that is in it; But ye sinners that are on the earth fear Him not. 8 Has He not made the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein? Who has given understanding and wisdom to everything that moves on the earth and in the sea. 9 Do not the sailors of the ships fear the sea? Yet sinners fear not the Most High.

 Notes and References

"... Another way of illustrating the idea that the world exhibits an order that is not always observed by human beings is to contrast human behavior with that of animals or natural phenomenon. The most famous example is Isa. 1:2-3 ... there are also several cases in Jeremiah ... The theme continues in 1 Enoch, showing that 'natural order' thinking by no means died out in the Second Temple period ... Compare 1 Enoch 101 where sailors fear the sea, yet sinners do not fear God; and the sea itself carries out God's command, but sinners do not ..."

Barton, John Ethics in Ancient Israel (pp. 109-110) Oxford University Press, 2014

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