Hosea 3:5

Hebrew Bible

1 The Lord said to me, “Go, show love to your wife again, even though she loves another man and continually commits adultery. Likewise, the Lord loves the Israelites although they turn to other gods and love to offer raisin cakes to idols.” 2 So I paid 15 shekels of silver and about seven bushels of barley to purchase her. 3 Then I told her, “You must live with me many days; you must not commit adultery or become joined to another man, and I also will wait for you.” 4 For the Israelites must live many days without a king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred fertility pillar, without ephod or idols. 5 Afterward, the Israelites will turn and seek the Lord their God and their Davidic king. Then they will submit to the Lord in fear and receive his blessings in future days.

Jeremiah 30:9

Hebrew Bible

8 When the time for them to be rescued comes,” says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies, “I will rescue you from foreign subjugation. I will deliver you from captivity. Foreigners will then no longer subjugate them. 9 But they will be subject to the Lord their God and to the Davidic ruler whom I will raise up as king over them. 10 So I, the Lord, tell you not to be afraid, you descendants of Jacob, my servants. Do not be terrified, people of Israel. For I will rescue you and your descendants from a faraway land where you are captives. The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace. They will be secure, and no one will terrify them. 11 For I, the Lord, affirm that I will be with you and will rescue you. I will completely destroy all the nations where I scattered you. But I will not completely destroy you. I will indeed discipline you, but only in due measure. I will not allow you to go entirely unpunished.”

 Notes and References

"... Paronomasia may be present in the verb “will return” in comparison to the previous “will remain” (verse 4). The Israelites will certainly return geographically from exile (Deuteronomy 30:3–5). Additionally, however, “return” can have the sense of coming back in true faith to Yahweh (e.g., Deuteronomy 4:30) in contrast to “turning to other gods,” a necessary precursor to the return from exile. The oracle also predicts that Israel will “seek” Yahweh, i.e., come to God to know him and to do his will (compare Zephaniah 2:3; Zechariah 8:22; Malachi 3:1; etc.). Yahweh, the text says, will be “their God” once again, in the language of the first of the covenant restoration promises (Leviticus 26:44; 45). And David will be their king. With this theme 2:1–3 is closely connected. The prophets looked forward to a day when Israel, north and south, would be reunited (e.g., Jeremiah 31; Ezekiel 37; compare Deuteronomy 30:3, 4). The various successive dynasties that populated the northern monarchy were hardly the ideal—the Davidic dynasty alone remained chosen (1 Kings 11:13). The mention of David is not therefore to be regarded as an interpolation. It is another way of speaking of the “one leader” predicted in 2:2; i.e., a member of Davidic line. This is but a hint of the sort of messianic eschatology that will be more strongly manifest in later prophets (compare Jeremiah 30:9) ..."

Stuart, Douglas Word Biblical Commentary: Hosea-Jonah (p. 216) HarperCollins, 2020

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.