Genesis 8:21

Hebrew Bible

19 Every living creature, every creeping thing, every bird, and everything that moves on the earth went out of the ark in their groups. 20 Noah built an altar to the Lord. He then took some of every kind of clean animal and clean bird and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 And the Lord smelled the soothing aroma and said to himself, “I will never again curse the ground because of humankind, even though the inclination of their minds is evil from childhood on. I will never again destroy everything that lives, as I have just done. 22 “While the earth continues to exist, planting time and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night will not cease.”

Numbers 28:2

Hebrew Bible

1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 2 “Command the Israelites: ‘With regard to my offering, be sure to offer my food for my offering made by fire, as a pleasing aroma to me at its appointed time.’ 3 You will say to them, ‘This is the offering made by fire that you must offer to the Lord: two unblemished lambs one year old each day for a continual burnt offering. 4 The first lamb you must offer in the morning, and the second lamb you must offer in the late afternoon,

 Notes and References

"... Ecstatic behaviour appears often in the Hebrew Bible, but it is not associated only with battle-hungry delirium. Within the Balaam pericope, three expressions suggest that the writer(s) imagined Balaam having an otherworldly or ecstatic experience. First, the verb הרק, which simply denotes an encounter or meeting, is used (four times) to depict Balaam’s encounter with his deity (23:3, 4, 15, 16). Thus, the narrative describes unique, personal encounters between Balaam and Yhwh. The verb takes the Niphal stem also in another human-divine encounter, in Exodus 3:18 when Yhwh instructs Moses to explain to Pharaoh that ‘Yhwh, the god of the Hebrews, has met with us.’ Here in Exodus, the idea seems to be that the divine party initiated the encounter. Rhetorically, Moses’s plea to Pharaoh has force only if Yhwh requires the wilderness offerings, if the three day hiatus is a religious obligation demanded by the deity, on its own initiative. But encounters with supernatural beings may be arranged by a variety of means. In 2 Kings 3:15-16, Elisha requests music and then, the “hand(/power) of Yhwh” comes upon him and he delivers a divine message. Music/percussion induced trances are commonly attested among ethnographic reports of shamans and other intermediaries. The invocation of deities, evidently, can require careful calculation and execution. Balaam expresses uncertainly as to whether or not his deity will show up and the sacrifices seem to serve the function of attracting the divine presence. (Compare Genesis 8:21, Exodus 29:18, 25, 41; Numbers 28:2; Leviticus 1:9, etc...) As Balaam hopes, Elohim “meets” him (23:4) once, and Yhwh a second time (23:16); and in each instance, Balaam receives a message (רבד) ..."

Schroeder, Ryan D. Memories of Balaam: Translatability of a Religious Specialist in Ancient Israel (pp. 92-93) Trinity Western University, 2015

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