Genesis 3:4

Hebrew Bible

2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit from the trees of the orchard; 3 but concerning the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the orchard God said, ‘You must not eat from it, and you must not touch it, or else you will die.’” 4 The serpent said to the woman, “Surely you will not die, 5 for God knows that when you eat from it your eyes will open and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

1 Enoch 69:6


5 The second, Asbeêl, gave evil counsel to the holy sons of God, leading them to defile themselves with the daughters of men. 6 The third, Gâdreêl, showed the children of men all the deadly strikes, led Eve astray, and introduced the weapons of death to the sons of men, including the shield, coat of mail, sword, and other weapons. 7 From his hand, these have been used against those who live on the earth from that day and forevermore.

 Notes and References

"... Notice as well that Eve is being contrasted with Mary in 1 Timothy 2:14–15, for we have the reference to woman being saved through “the childbearing.” The curse is reversed through Mary. That rhetorical comparison leads to a long discussion of the one found in Romans 5:12–21 (see below). It is interesting that while Sirach is prepared to blame Eve entirely for the fall (see Sirach 25:24) as does the Apocalypse of Moses: The Life of Adam and Eve (9:2; 14:2; 21:2, 6; 24:1), Paul is not prepared to go there. Indeed, he places the blame squarely on Adam in Romans 5:41 In 2 Corinthians 11:3, Paul expresses his fear that just as the serpent deceived Eve with his cunning, so also the Corinthians were being deceived by the devil through Paul’s opponents. The tradition of the deception of Eve had come to be developed to a remarkable degree in the intertestamental period (see 1 Enoch 69:6; 2 Enoch 36:6; Apocalypse of Abraham 23). In some of this material Eve is said to be seduced by the serpent, but Paul never suggests this either here or in 1 Timothy 2, if it is by Paul. Paul is concerned with the corruption of the minds of the Corinthians ..."

Witherington, Ben Torah Old and New: Exegesis, Intertextuality, and Hermeneutics (p. 60) Fortress Press, 2018

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