Genesis 3:19

Hebrew Bible

17 But to Adam he said, “Because you obeyed the voice of52 your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ the ground is cursed because of you; in painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. 18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, but you will eat the grain of the field. 19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat food until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you will return. 20 The man named his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all the living. 21 The Lord God made garments from skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.

Ezekiel 44:18

Hebrew Bible

16 They will enter my sanctuary and approach my table to minister to me; they will keep my charge. 17 “‘When they enter the gates of the inner court, they must wear linen garments; they must not have any wool on them when they minister in the inner gates of the court and in the temple. 18 Linen turbans will be on their heads and linen undergarments will be around their waists; they must not bind themselves with anything that causes sweat. 19 When they go out to the outer court to the people, they must remove the garments they were ministering in and place them in the holy chambers; they must put on other garments so that they will not transmit holiness to the people with their garments. 20 “‘They must not shave their heads nor let their hair grow long; they must only trim their heads.

 Notes and References

"... If you know your Bible, you know that when God expels Adam and Eve from Eden, God tells Adam, “By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread” (Genesis 3:19). This occurs just after God curses the earth to sprout thorns and thistles to impede Adam’s farming and just before the dreadful final pronouncement, “You are dust, and to dust you shall return.” This all makes sense in the context of Adam’s prior job which was to “till” and “keep” the garden God had planted in Eden. In Eden, Adam was a farmer, and he would still be a farmer in the wild world outside Eden. The difference is that outside Eden, Adam would have to work hard to grow food—or, put another way, food would require sweat equity ... the other reference to sweat in the Hebrew Bible. In Ezekiel 44:18, God is laying out the regulations for the restored Jerusalem Temple, and one of the rules states that when the priests come into the Temple, “They shall have linen turbans on their heads, and linen undergarments on their loins; they shall not bind themselves with anything that causes sweat.” Here the priests wear linen (as they do in Exodus 28:39 and Leviticus 16:4), but more important for our purposes is that the reason seems to be to avoid sweating in the Temple. Verse 17 says, “They shall have nothing of wool on them,” wool of course being famous for its warmth. Linen is cool ..."

Leith, Mary Joan Winn Epistles: The Garden of Eden: Don’t Sweat it! (pp. 1-4) Biblical Archaeology Review 47:1, 2021

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