Genesis 3:14

Hebrew Bible

13 So the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” And the woman replied, “The serpent tricked me, and I ate.” 14 The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all the cattle and all the living creatures of the field! On your belly you will crawl and dust you will eat all the days of your life. 15 And I will put hostility between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring; he will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.” 16 To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your labor pains; with pain you will give birth to children. You will want to control your husband, but he will dominate you.”

Numbers 23:3

Hebrew Bible

2 So Balak did just as Balaam had said. Balak and Balaam then offered on each altar a bull and a ram. 3 Balaam said to Balak, “Station yourself by your burnt offering, and I will go off; perhaps the Lord will come to meet me, and whatever he reveals to me I will tell you.” Then he went to a deserted height. 4 Then God met Balaam, who said to him, “I have prepared seven altars, and I have offered on each altar a bull and a ram.”

Pseudo Jonathan Numbers 23:3


And Balak did as Bileam had said, and Balak and Bileam offered a bullock and a ram upon an altar. And Bileam said to Balak, Stand by thy burnt offering, and I will go, if preadventure the word of the Lord may come to meet me; and the word that shall be discovered to me, that I will declare to thee. And he went, bending as a serpent. And the Word from before the Lord met with Bileam, who said before Him, The seven altars I have set in order, and have offered a bullock and a ram upon every altar.

 Notes and References

"... as much as the Balaam narrative 'interprets' the Garden story, it also serves as material to be interpreted by other texts which are part of the Balaam traditions in the Bible. Indeed, a consideration of the relationship between the pious Balaam of Numbers 22-24 and the hostile character of Numbers 31 and elsewhere might lead us to identify Balaam with the devious serpent rather than with the obedient ass ... Targum Pseudo-Jonathan describes Balaam quite literally as a 'snake in the grass', translating Numbers 23:3 as 'he went, bending like a snake'. While this is probably based upon Genesis 49:17, the use of the verb in Genesis 3:15 suggests an implicit comparison between Balaam and the serpent of Genesis 3 ..."

Savran, George Beastly Speech: Intertextuality, Balaam's Ass, and the Garden of Eden (pp. 33-55) Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, 1994

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