Genesis 15:5

Hebrew Bible

3 Abram added, “Since you have not given me a descendant, then look, one born in my house will be my heir!” 4 But look, the Lord’s message came to him: “This man will not be your heir, but instead a son who comes from your own body will be your heir.” 5 The Lord took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars—if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.” 6 Abram believed the Lord, and the Lord credited it as righteousness to him. 7 The Lord said to him, “I am the Lord who brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to possess.”

Deuteronomy 1:10

Hebrew Bible

8 Look! I have already given the land to you. Go, occupy the territory that I, the Lord, promised to give to your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and to their descendants.” 9 I also said to you at that time, “I am no longer able to sustain you by myself. 10 The Lord your God has increased your population to the point that you are now as numerous as the very stars of the sky. 11 Indeed, may the Lord, the God of your ancestors, make you a thousand times more numerous than you are now, blessing you just as he said he would! 12 But how can I alone bear up under the burden of your hardship and strife?

 Notes and References

"... It seems more likely that the author of Genesis 37 uses astral symbolism in Joseph’s dream because of the common metaphor in Genesis of comparing the offspring of the patriarchs to the number of stars in the sky (Genesis 15:5, 22:17; Deuteronomy 1:10, 10:22, 28:62; Jeremiah 33:22; Nahum 3:16). In any case, Genesis 37:9–10 is transparent without any knowledge of celestial divination or recourse to zodiacal astrology: Joseph will one day achieve a surprisingly high social status, and his family will be forced to recognize this fact ..."

Cooley, Jeffrey L. Poetic Astronomy in the Ancient Near East: The Reflexes of Celestial Science in Ancient Mesopotamian, Ugaritic, and Israelite Narrative (p. 254) Eisenbrauns, 2013

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