2 When the people moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there. 3 Then they said to one another, “Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” (They had brick instead of stone and tar instead of mortar.) 4 Then they said, “Come, let’s build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens so that we may make a name for ourselves. Otherwise we will be scattered across the face of the entire earth.” 5 But the Lord came down to see the city and the tower that the people had started building. 6 And the Lord said, “If as one people all sharing a common language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be beyond them.
8 The cedars in the garden of God could not eclipse it, nor could the fir trees match its boughs; the plane trees were as nothing compared to its branches; no tree in the garden of God could rival its beauty. 9 I made it beautiful with its many branches; all the trees of Eden, in the garden of God, envied it. 10 “‘Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Because it was tall in stature, and its top reached into the clouds, and it was proud of its height, 11 I gave it over to the leader of the nations. He has judged it thoroughly, as its sinfulness deserves. I have thrown it out.
Notes and References
"... The cedar of Ezekiel 31:10 set its top 'among the clouds.' The OG of Daniel 4:8 combines the imagery of Ezekiel and MT Daniel here; 'Its top came dose to heaven and its trunk to the clouds.' The human attempt to scale heaven is a recurring biblical metaphor for hubris, beginning with the tower of Babylon in Genesis 11. The taunt of the Day Star, Helal ben Shachar, is applied to the king of Babylon in Isaiah 14. The motif of inordinate exaltation figures prominently in the second half of Daniel (8:10-11; 11:36) ..."
Collins, John J. Daniel: A Commentary on the Book of Daniel (p. 224) Fortress Press, 1993