Genesis 1:28

Hebrew Bible

26 Then God said, “Let us make humankind in our image, after our likeness, so they may rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move on the earth.” 27 God created humankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them, male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply! Fill the earth and subdue it! Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and every creature that moves on the ground.” 29 Then God said, “I now give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the entire earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 30 And to all the animals of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has living breath in it—I give every green plant for food.” It was so.

Genesis 35:11

Hebrew Bible

9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 11 Then God said to him, “I am the Sovereign God. Be fruitful and multiply! A nation—even a company of nations—will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 12 The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants I will also give this land.” 13 Then God went up from the place where he spoke with him.

 Notes and References

"... The proclamation of the change of name contains a secondary addition in verse 6: The sentence in verse 6a (“And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you”) was probably inserted later and belongs to the “fruitfulness and multiplication” redaction (based on the roots הרפ, “to be fruitful” and הבר, “to multiply”) which is part of PC (visible in Genesis 1:22, 28; 9:1, 7; 28:3; 35:11; 48:4; Exodus 7:1) This consideration is supported by the fact that the second part of the expression in question (verse 6a “and I will make nations of you”) may be considered a Wiederaufnahme [repetition] of the statement at the end of verse 5 (“for I make you a father of a multitude of nations”) The “fruitfulness and multiplication” redaction seems to have left its mark also in verse 2b (“and I will multiply you exceedingly”); as shown above, the entire verse 2 should be considered secondary ..."

Hutzli, Jürg The Origins of P: Literary Profiles and Strata of the Priestly Texts in Genesis 1-Exodus 40 (pp. 167-168) Mohr Siebeck, 2023

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