Exodus 34:6

Hebrew Bible

5 The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there and proclaimed the Lord by name. 6 The Lord passed by before him and proclaimed: “The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, and abounding in loyal love and faithfulness, 7 keeping loyal love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin. But he by no means leaves the guilty unpunished, responding to the transgression of fathers by dealing with children and children’s children, to the third and fourth generation.”

2 Chronicles 30:9

Hebrew Bible

8 Now, don’t be stubborn like your fathers. Submit to the Lord and come to his sanctuary which he has permanently consecrated. Serve the Lord your God so that he might relent from his raging anger. 9 For if you return to the Lord, your brothers and sons will be shown mercy by their captors and return to this land. The Lord your God is merciful and compassionate; he will not reject you if you return to him. 10 The messengers journeyed from city to city through the land of Ephraim and Manasseh as far as Zebulun, but people mocked and ridiculed them.

 Notes and References

"... As in Genesis 18, here too the human intercession is a vital part of the drama. Moses’ vocation as covenant mediator is “to plead God’s own mercy on the basis of his former promise.” Moses thus becomes a participant in God’s plan of communicative action. Yet the actual dialogue recorded in Exodus 33:11–20 complicates facile pictures of casual conversation among peers. Indeed, YHWH and Moses appear at points to be “speaking at cross purposes” for neither party engages what the other actually says, at least not immediately. Indeed, far from being fully reciprocal, the pattern of the conversation proves to be asymmetrical ... Israel’s history with YHWH that proves to be a defining moment for both. YHWH ’s response to Israel’s sin allows the relationship to continue and reveals more about God than was known before. The declaration that YHWH abounds in love and is filled with compassion is a prominent theological theme throughout the Old Testament. Other occurrences of this formula occur in Numbers 14:18; Nehemiah 9:17; Psalms 86:15, 103:8, 111:4, 116:5, 145:8; Isaiah 54:10; Jeremiah 32:18; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2; Nahum 1:3; and 2 Chronicles 30:9. Brevard Childs observes that these texts, taken together, represent “an eloquent testimony to the centrality of this understanding of God’s person.” ..."

Vanhoozer, Kevin J. Remythologizing Theology: Divine Action, Passion, and Authorship (pp. 45-46) Cambridge University Press, 2010

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