Exodus 34:6

Hebrew Bible

4 So Moses cut out two tablets of stone like the first; early in the morning he went up to Mount Sinai, just as the Lord had commanded him, and he took in his hand the two tablets of stone. 5 The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there and proclaimed the Lord by name. 6 The Lord passed by before him and proclaimed: “The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, and abounding in loyal love and faithfulness, 7 keeping loyal love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin. But he by no means leaves the guilty unpunished, responding to the transgression of fathers by dealing with children and children’s children, to the third and fourth generation.” 8 Moses quickly bowed to the ground and worshiped

Psalm 112:4

Hebrew Bible

2 His descendants will be powerful on the earth; the godly will be blessed. 3 His house contains wealth and riches; his integrity endures. 4 In the darkness a light shines for the godly, for each one who is merciful, compassionate, and just. 5 It goes well for the one who generously lends money and conducts his business honestly. 6 For he will never be shaken; others will always remember one who is just.

 Notes and References

"... Similarly, the singular noun םֶחֶר ("hesed") differs in its meaning from the plural form םיִמֲחַר ("heshedim", sometimes translated "acts of compassion"). A humble or weak person requests םיִמֲחַר when needing help from a stronger person. The humble person may appeal to the emotions of the stronger one (e.g., Isaiah 63:15), and it was expected that such an emotional response would lead to action (Jeremiah 42:12; Psalm 51:3). The םחר ("hesed") word group denotes a positive, emotional, and active response to a person in a weak or penitent state. This suggests that the adjective םוּחַר ("rahum") should be translated "compassionate." ןוּנַּח ("racham") also appears 13 times, 12 of which refer to YHWH. (They appear together in Exodus 34:6; Joel 2:13; Jonah 4:2; Psalm 86:15; 103:8; 111:4; 112:4; 145:8; Nehamiah 9:17; and 2 Chronicles 30:9 ... In Psalm 112:4 both adjectives refer, seemingly, to a righteous person. This exception must stand even though many LXX manuscripts specify God as the subject) ..."

Surls, Austin Making Sense of the Divine Name in the Book of Exodus: From Etymology to Literary Onomastics (p. 145) Eisenbrauns, 2017

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