Exodus 34:6

Hebrew Bible

5 The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there and proclaimed the Lord by name. 6 The Lord passed by before him and proclaimed: “The Lord, the Lord, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, and abounding in loyal love and faithfulness, 7 keeping loyal love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin. But he by no means leaves the guilty unpunished, responding to the transgression of fathers by dealing with children and children’s children, to the third and fourth generation.” 8 Moses quickly bowed to the ground and worshiped

Hosea 1:6

Hebrew Bible

5 At that time, I will destroy the military power of Israel in the valley of Jezreel.” 6 She conceived again and gave birth to a daughter. Then the Lord said to him, “Name her ‘No Pity’ (Lo-Ruhamah) because I will no longer have pity on the nation of Israel. For I will certainly not forgive their guilt. 7 But I will have pity on the nation of Judah. I will deliver them by the Lord their God; I will not deliver them by the warrior’s bow, by sword, by military victory, by chariot horses, or by chariots.”

 Notes and References

"... The name of the daughter plays on two of the central concepts of Exodus 34:6-7 namely Yahweh’s compassion and his forgiveness. It is a cultural intertextual allusion in the sense that the precise text that lies behind this verse cannot be pinpointed. It is in fact an ironic recontextualisation of the positive statements in Exodus 34:6-7 and serves to heighten the theological crisis which Israel is in. The names of Hosea’s children function symbolically to indicate the end of Yahweh’s friendly disposition, his protection and his providence (Jeremias 1983:32) ..."

Bosman, JP The Paradoxical Presence of Exodus 34:6-7 in the Book of the Twelve (pp. 233-243) Scriptura 87, 2004

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