Exodus 32:35

Hebrew Bible

33 The Lord said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against me—that person I will wipe out of my book. 34 So now go, lead the people to the place I have spoken to you about. See, my angel will go before you. But on the day that I punish, I will indeed punish them for their sin.” 35 And the Lord sent a plague on the people because they had made the calf—the one Aaron made.

Numbers 14:37

Hebrew Bible

35 I, the Lord, have said, “I will surely do so to all this evil congregation that has gathered together against me. In this wilderness they will be finished, and there they will die!”’” 36 The men whom Moses sent to investigate the land, who returned and made the whole community murmur against him by producing an evil report about the land, 37 those men who produced the evil report about the land, died by the plague before the Lord. 38 But Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh, who were among the men who went to investigate the land, lived. 39 When Moses told these things to all the Israelites, the people mourned greatly.

 Notes and References

"... The terminology that describes the plagues appears most frequently in martial contexts. The English translations of three separate Hebrew roots as “plague” has caused confusion, as two of them (ףגנ and עגנ) refer broadly to YHWH’s attacks, while the third (רבד) denotes pestilence specifically. The verbal form of the root ףגנ commonly has a military connotation, denoting striking someone, defeating an enemy, or the attack of the divine warrior. (It refers to a divine blow against: Israel, Exodus 32:35; Benjamin, Judges 20:35; Nabal, 1 Samuel 25:38; Bathsheba’s infant, 2 Samuel 12:15; Jeroboam’s army, 2 Chronicles 13:15; Jeroboam, 2 Chronicles 13:20; the Ethiopians, 2 Chronicles 14:11; and Jehoram, 2 Chronicles 21:18) When the Israelites were defeated by the Philistines, they questioned why YHWH had struck them (1 Samuel 4:3). The divine warrior promised to strike the enemies of David (Psalm 89:24) and the nations that would not come to worship in Jerusalem (Zech 14:12, 18). The nominal forms הפגמ and ףגנ most frequently refer to divine blows, including the spies who brought back a bad report (Numbers 14:37), the Philistines who captured the Ark of the Covenant (1 Samuel 6:4), Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:14), Ezekiel’s wife (Ezekiel 24:16), and the nations that refuse to worship in Jerusalem (Zechariah 14:12, 15, 18). The divine blows could involve a disease ..."

Trimm, Charlie "YHWH Fights for Them!": The Divine Warrior in the Exodus Narrative (p. 44) Gorgias Press, 2014

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.