Exodus 31:2

Hebrew Bible

1 The Lord spoke to Moses, 2See, I have chosen Bezalel son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 3 and I have filled him with the Spirit of God in skill, in understanding, in knowledge, and in all kinds of craftsmanship, 4 to make artistic designs for work with gold, with silver, and with bronze,

1 Kings 7:14

Hebrew Bible

12 Around the great courtyard were three rows of chiseled stones and one row of cedar beams, like the inner courtyard of the Lord’s temple and the hall of the palace. 13 King Solomon sent for Hiram of Tyre. 14 He was the son of a widow from the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a craftsman in bronze from Tyre. He had the skill and knowledge to make all kinds of works of bronze. He reported to King Solomon and did all the work he was assigned. 15 He fashioned two bronze pillars; each pillar was 27 feet high and 18 feet in circumference. 16 He made two bronze tops for the pillars; each was 7½ feet high.

 Notes and References

"... Craftsmanship or skill in any area of human endeavor lies at the heart of biblical wisdom, because wisdom is a concept as wide and all encompassing as creation, which in ancient thought included culture. Thus Whybray’s attempt to label the wisdom of “manual skill” as “nonsignificant” seems to read into biblical texts long-standing Western dichotomies of culture and nature (nomos and physis) and theory and praxis that run counter to the evidence ... A further exploration of a generic element in our key biblical texts (Proverbs 3:19–20; 24:3–4; Exodus 31:1–3; 1 Kings 7:13–14) can help us in our quest to understand wisdom in relation to creation and human affairs. It is the “statement of (the builder’s) wisdom.” Its origin is in Mesopotamian hymns and annals that celebrate royal building projects ..."

Van Leeuwen, Raymond C. "Cosmos, Temple, House: Building and Wisdom in Ancient Mesopotamia and Israel" in Ellis, Richard S., et al. (eds.) From the Foundations to the Crenellations: Essays on Temple Building in the Ancient Near East and Hebrew Bible (pp. 399-421) Ugarit-Verlag, 2010

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